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πρόγον-ος, ον, (γίγνομαι, γέγονα) early-born, [ἄρνες], opp. μέτασσαι, Od.9.221, cf. Hermesian. 7.74, SIG1038.9 (Eleusis, iv/iii B.C.); first-born, IG 2.1301 (dub.).

2. = ἀπόγονος 1, dub. in D.H.7.50.

II. forefather, ancestor, Pi.O.6.59; πατρός σου π. πατήρ E.Ion 267, cf. Hel.15, Pl. Euthphr.11b: freq. in pl., Pi.P.9.105, A.Pers.405, Hdt.7.150, etc.; οἱ ἄνωθεν π. Pl.Mx.236e; οἱ πάλαι π. Id.Ep.359d; ἐκ προγόνων Id.Tht.173d; also of gods or heroes who are the authors or founders of a race, A.Fr.273, Hdt.4.127, Pl.Smp.186e, Isoc.9.14, etc.; Ζεῦ πρόγονε E.Or.1242; θεοὶ π. Pl.Euthd.302d: also as fem., π. γυνή A.Supp.533 (lyr.), cf. 43(lyr.): metaph., οἱ π. the fathers or founders of a school, Luc.Herm.15; τὸν π. τῆς ἐμαυτοῦ σοφίας Philostr.VA8.7; ἰὼ πόνοι π. πόνων troubles parents of troubles, S.Aj.1197(lyr.).

III. child by a former marriage, step-son, E.Ion1329, D.H.Isoc.18, Mon.Anc.Gr. 16.9, Luc.Cal.26, Supp.Epigr.6.667 (Attalia), PFay.48.3(i A.D.), etc.: fem., step-daughter, Stratt.79, Is.12.5, Hyp.Fr.10, D.S.4.43, Plu.Pomp.9; rarely προγόνη (q.v.): irreg. Sup. προγονέστατος eldest step-son, dub. in TAM2(1).246.18(Sidyma).