Previous: προνοητικόςNext: προνομαία


πρόνοια, Ion. προνο-οίη, ἡ, (πρόνοος) perceiving beforehand, foresight, foreknowledge, τοὖπος τὸ θεοπρόπον τᾶς παλαιφάτου π. S.Tr.823 (lyr.); προνοίαισι τοῦ πεπρωμένου A.Ag.684 (lyr.).

2. = πρόγνωσις 11.b, Hp. ap.Gal.18 (2).8.

II. foresight, forethought, ἐπῄνεσ' ..πρόνοιαν ἣν ἔθου S.Aj.536; π. δ' ἐστὶν οὐδενὸς σαφής Id.OT978; προνοίας οὕνεκα so far as foresight, caution is required, Id.Ph.774, cf.El.1015; ἐκ προνοίης with forethought, purposely, Hdt.1.120,159, etc.; opp. κατὰ τύχην, Id.8.87, cf. Antipho 5.21, Lys.26.19, Pl.Phdr.241e; ἀπὸ προνοίας τινῶν by their precautions, Th.8.95; τὴν π. τὴν ές ἡμέας ἔχουσαν Hdt. 8.144; προνοίᾳ τῶν συγγενῶν, φίλων, τῆς πόλεως, by care for .., And.1.56; esp. of crimes committed with design or malice prepense, ἐκ προνοίας τραῦμα, ἐκ π. φόνοι, Aeschin.3.212, Din.1.6, etc.; ἐκ π. ἀποθνῄσκειν Antipho 1.22, cf. Lys.3.28; τὰ ἐκ π., opp. ἀκούσια, Arist.Pol. 1300b26; so οὐδεμία π. ἐστι τραύματος no intention of wounding, Lys.3.41; πρόνοιαν ἔχειν (or ἴσχειν) τινός to take thought for .., show care for .., E.Alc.1061, Th.2.89, etc.; περί τινος S.Ant.283; ὑπέρ τινος Isoc.16.9; ἡ τοῦ χόρτου π. PFlor.131.7 (iii A. D.), cf. 148.2 (iii A. D.): c. inf., πολλὴν π. εἶχεν εὐσχήμως (fort. εὐσχήμων) πεσεῖν E. Hec.569; πολλὴν π. ἔχειν μέλλοντας .. to beware of doing a thing, Antipho 5.91; π. ποιεῖσθαί τινος D.21.97, etc.: pl., X.Oec.7.38.

2. providence, τοῦ θείου ἡ π. Hdt.3.108; τοῦ θεοῦ S.OC1180; θεία π. E.Ph. 637(troch.); πρόνοιαι θεῶν Pl.Ti.44c: abs., divine providence, προνοίας ἔργῳ X.Mem.1.4.6, etc., cf.Zeno Stoic.1.44, Cleanth.ib.121, Chrysipp. ib.2.168, al. (περὶ προνοίας as title of one of his works, ib.3.203).

3. Pythag. name for five, Theol.Ar.31.

4. office of προνοητής, POxy.472.10 (ii A. D.).

III. Πρόνοια Ἀθηνᾶ Athena as goddess of Forethought, under which name she was worshipped at Delphi, D.25.34, D.S.11.14, Parth.25, Paus.10.8.6, Plu.2.825b, Jul.Or.4.149b, etc.; at Delos acc. to Macr.Sat.1.17.55, cf. Aristid.1.97 J., Or.37(2).26; also Ἰουλία θεὰ Σεβαστὴ Π. IG3.461: this name of Athena, which is guaranteed by the context in D., Aristid., Jul., Macr. Il. cc., seems to have been a distortion of the name Προναία or Προνᾴα (v. πρόναος 1), but πρόνοια is f.l. for Προναία (or Προνᾴα) in Aeschin. (v. πρόναος 1), and D.S., Parth., Paus., Plu. Il. cc. shd. perh. be corrected.