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προβολ-ή, ἡ, (προβάλλω) putting forward, esp. of a weapon for defence, τὰ δόρατα εἰς προβολὴν καθιέναι to bring the spears to the rest, couch them, X.An.6.5.25 (nisi leg. προσβολήν)̓; [τὰ δόρατα] ἀποτεῖναι ἐς π. Arr.An.1.6.2; κοντοὺς ὀρθοὺς ὡς ἐς π. φέροντες Id.Tact.43.2; ἵστανται ἐς π. ib.36.3; ἐν προβολᾷ θεμένα ξίφος bringing it to the guard, AP7.433 (Tymn.); ὁπλίτας ἑστῶτας ἐν π. standing with spear in rest, Plu.Caes.44, cf. Plb.2.65.11; ὑπελθεῖν τὴν π. τοῦ πολεμίου get under his guard, D.H.3.19; of a pugilist, δοχμὸς ἀπὸ π. κλινθείς Theoc.22.120; παγκρατίου προβολὰν διδάξαι IG42(1).122.53 (Epid., iv B.C.), cf.7.2470.3 (Thebes, iv/iii B.C.); Carneades προβολὴν pugilis ..similem facit ἐποχῇ Cic.Att.13.21.3; ἀνέχοντες ἐν π. τὰς χεῖρας, of long-distance runners, Philostr.Gym.32; ἡ π. τῶν χειρῶν, of boxers, ib.34; αἱ π. τοῦ σώματος X.Cyn.10.22; ἡ τῆς φάλαγγος π. the phalanx with its pikes couched, Plb.18.30.1; αἱ τῶν θυρεῶν π. Id.1.22.10, cf. Arr.Tact.37.5; of the legs, putting foremost, Arist.IA706a6.

2. putting forth, βλαστοῦ Gp.5.25.1.

3. putting forward of a plea or case, Hermog.Stat.4, al.

II. projection, prominence, ἡ π. τοῦ χείλεος Hp.Art.8, etc.; τῆς κεφαλῆς a prominence of the skull, Id.VC1; τῆς γλώσσης Aret.SA1.7; π. ἀπὸ τοῦ χείλεος, of an elephant's trunk, Id.SD2.13, cf. Ael.NA5.41.

2. jutting rock, foreland, or tongue of land, S.Ph.1455 (anap., prob. for προβλής) ἐπὶ προβολῇσι θαλάσσης Q.S.9.378, cf. D.P.1013, Plb.1.53.10; Νειλορύτου δῶρον ἀπὸ π., i.e. from the Delta of the Nile, AP9.350 (Leon.Alex.); also the spurof a hill, Plu.Crass.22.

3. head of a spear or κέστρος 11, Plb.18.29.3, 27.11.2.

4. projecting bridge, Id.3.46.4.

5. projection of a weapon from the soldier's body, Ael.Tact.14.3.

6. advanced body of cavalry, Arr.Tact.40.2, al.

7. rope for lowering buckets, PFlor.153 (iii A.D.), etc.

III. thing held before one as a defence, screen, bulwark, π. μεγάλη τῆς χώρας X.Mem.3.5.27; of the eyebrows, Id.Cyn.5.26; τοῦ ὄμματος Arist.GA780b23; ὅπως ᾖ π. τοῖς ..σπλάγχνοις [τὸ νῶτον] Id.PA672a17: c.gen. objecti, defence against .., δείματος π. καὶ βελέων S.Aj.1212 (lyr.); θανάτου E.Or.1488 (lyr.); καυμάτων Pl.Ti.74b; τοῦ ἡλίου, τῶν ἀνέμων, τοῦ ψύχους, Thphr.CP2.7.4, 3.10.4, 5.13.3; πρὸς τοὺς χειμῶνας ib.3.7.2.

2. protection, τὰ προβολῆς ἕνεκα εἰργασμένα Pl.Plt.288b; π. ἔχειν, of plants, Thphr.CP3.20.5; προβεβλημένοι τὴν γαμικὴν π. Dam.Isid.160.

3. front of a horse's hoof, Hippiatr.123.

IV. proposal of a person's name for election, Pl. Lg.765b, SIG976.10 (Samos, ii B.C.), CPR20.8 (iii A.D.), Cod.Just. 10.11.8.4, al., Ps.-Ptol.Centil.83.

V. as law-term, a form of public process by presentation of a case to the assembly, D.21.193: pl., ib.11, Lex ib.8, 10; τῶν συκοφαντῶν π. ἐποιησάμεθα Aeschin.2.145, cf. X. HG1.7.35, Isoc.15.314, Arist.Ath.43.5, 59.2, Harp. S1.v. καταχειροτονία.

VI. advance, loan, PSI6.666.10 (iii B.C.); π. εἰς τὸ ζῆν financial provision, means of livelihood, gloss on ἀφορμή, Sch.E. Med.342.