Previous: προίσσομαιNext: προιστορέω


προί̈στημι, fut. -στήσω: aor. 1 προὔστησα, part. προστήσας, inf. προστῆσαι.

A. Causal in these tenses, as also in pres. and aor. 1 Med., set before, once in Hom., προστήσας [σε] πρὸ Ἀχαιῶν Τρωσὶ μάχεσθαι Il.4.156: c. gen., π. τὸ σῶμα τοῦ σκοποῦ put his body in the way, Antipho 3.2.4 (dub. l.), cf. Plb.1.33.7.

2. set over, ὃν ἡ πόλις ἀξιοῖ αὑτῆς προϊστάναι, v.l. for -εστάναι, Pl.La.197d.

3. exhibit publicly, prostitute, π. ἐπ' οἰκημάτων D.Chr.7.133.

II. Med., mostly aor. 1, put another before oneself, choose as one's leader, Hdt.1.123, 4.80: c. gen., προί̈στασθαι τουτονὶ ἑαυτοῦ take as one's guardian, Pl.R.565c, cf. 442a (cj.), 599a, D.59.37; σφῶν αὐτῶν προὐστήσαντο τιμωρὸν γενέσθαι Κηφίσιον And.1.139; στρατηγόν τινα τοῦ πολέμου π. D.Prooem. 21.

2. put before one, put in front, σκίπωνα προστήσασθαι Hdt.4.172; τὰ ἅρματα X.HG4.1.18; τὴν χεῖρα, so as to shade the eyes, Arist.Pr.960a21.

3. metaph., put forward as an excuse or pretence, use as a screen, τί τάδε προὐστήσω λόγῳ; E.Cyc.319; τὰ τῶν Ἀμφικτυόνωνδόγματα προστήσασθαι D.5.19, etc.: c. gen., [τὴν ἀτυχίαν] τῆς κακουργίας προϊστάμενος Antipho 2.3.1; τοῦ ἀγῶνος τὴν πρὸς ἔμ' ἔχθραν προί̈σταται D.18.15.

4. προστησώμεθα Τύρταιον put him forward, cite him as an authority, Pl.Lg.629a.

5. prefer, value above, ὦτα τοῦ νοῦ προστησάμενοι Id.R.531b.

6. establish a thing before another, τοὺς ἀριθμοὺς τῆς ὑποστάσεως αὐτῶν (sc. τῶν ὄντων) Plot.6.6.15, cf. Procl.Inst.133.

7. manifest, ib.195, al.

B. Pass., with aor. 2 Act.προὔστην: pf. προέστηκα, 2pl. προέστατε Hdt.5.49; inf. προεστάναι, part. προεστώς (v. infr.): fut. pf. προεστήξομαι, v. infr. 11.2:—
aor. Pass. προεστάθην, v. infr.11.3:—
come forward, v.l. for προσ- in D.60.15.

2. c.acc., approach as a suppliant, ἥ σε ..λιπαρεῖ προὔστην χερί S.El.1378; προστῆναι μέσην τράπεζαν dub. in Id.Fr.660.1 (fort. προσβῆναι):—
in Hdt.1.86, προσστῆναι is restored.

3. c. dat., stand so as to face another, σοὶ γὰρ αἴας πολέμιος προὔστη ποτέ S.Aj.1133:—
in Hdt.1.129, προσστάς is restored.

4. stand in public, be a prostitute, Aeschin.Ep.7.3, Vett. Val.16.7.

II. c. gen., to be set over, be at the head of, τῆς Ἑλλάδος Hdt.1.69, 5.49; τῶν Ἀρκάδων τοὺς προεστεῶτας Id.6.74; esp. to be chief or leader of a party, τῶν παράλων, τῶν ἐκ τοῦ πεδίου, Id.1.59; τοῦ δήμου Id.3.82, Th.3.70, Lys. 13.7; ἡμῶν Ar.V.419; τῆς πόλεως Th.2.65; π. αὐτῶν to be their ringleader, X.An.6.2.9; π. χοροῦ, στρατεύματος, Id.Mem.3.4.3; π. τῶν πολιτειῶν head the respective parties in the state, Lys.25.9, etc.: abs., οἱ προεστῶτες, Ion. -εῶτες, the leading men, τῶν σκυθέων Hdt.4.79, cf. Th.3.11, etc.; οἱ προεστηκότες ἐν ταῖς πόλεσι X.HG 3.5.1; οἱ ἐν ταῖς πόλεσι προστάντες Th.3.82; τῷ προεστῶτι καὶ ἄρχοντι Pl.R.428e.

2. in various relations, govern, direct, οὐκ ὀρθῶς σεωυτοῦ προέστηκας you do not manage yourself well, Hdt.2.173; π. τῆς μεταβολῆς Th.8.75; τοῦ ἱεροῦ X.HG3.2.31; τοῦ ἑαυτοῦ βίου Id.Mem.3.2.2; τοῦ πράγματος D.30.18; προεστήξομαι τῆς χωνεύσεως PCair.Zen.481.9 (iii B. C.); ἐργασίας, τέχνης, Plu.Per.24, Ath.13.612a; π. ἐνδόξου καὶ καλῆς αἱρέσεως OGI219.3 (Ilium, iii B. C.).

3. stand before so as to guard, οἱ δορυφόροι Μασίστεω προέστησαν Hdt.9.107, cf. E. Heracl.306, etc.: hence, support, succour, πρόστητ' ἀναγκαίας τύχης S.Aj.803; ὁ προστὰς τῆς εἰρήνης the champion of peace, Aeschin.2.161; πάντων προστᾶσα [δύναμις] Pl.Ti.25b; π. τινός to be his protector, GDI1726.6 (Delph., ii B. C.), PFay.13.5 (ii B. C.); τῆς ἐναντίας π. γνώμης Plb.5.5.8; τοῖσιν ἐχθροῖς προὐστήτην φόνου were the authors of .., S.El.980; π. [νόσου] E.Andr.221: abs., βέλεα ..ἀρωγὰ προσταθέντα S.OT206(lyr.).