Previous: προκάλεσμαNext: προκαλίζομαι


προκαλ-έω, call forth, D.C.44.34:—
Pass., Plb.22.9.2; to be evoked, Epicur.Fr. 411.

B. mostly Med., call out to fight, challenge, Αἴας δὲ πρῶτος προκαλέσσατο Il.13.809, cf. Od.8.142; ἴθι νῦν προκάλεσσαι ..Μενέλαον ἐξαῦτις μαχέσασθαι Il.3.432, cf. 7.39; προκαλέσσατο χάρμῃ ib.218; so, later, π. εἰς ἀγῶνα X.Mem.2.3.17, cf. Luc.Symp.20; εἰς μονομαχίαν Ael.VH1.24; μάχῃ Anacreont.12.7; ταῦτα π. τοὺς συνόντας thus .., X.Cyr.1.4.4; challenge to drink, Critias Fr.6.7 D.; π. τινὰ συμπαίζειν; συγγυμνάζεσθαι, Anacr.14.4, Pl.Smp.217c: prov., ἱππέας εἰς πεδίον προκαλῇ, Σωκράτη εἰς λόγους προκαλούμενος, of one who challenges another in his own department, Id.Tht.183d, cf. Men.268.

2. invite or summon, τινὰ ἐς λόγους Hdt.4.201, Th.3.34; ἐς σπονδὰς καὶ διάλυσιν πολέμου Id.4.19; ἐπὶ ξυμμαχίαν Id.5.43; ἐπὶ τιμωρίαν D.21.226; πρὸς τὸ συνδειπνεῖν Pl.Smp.217c; [ἰχθῦς] πρὸς τὴν θήραν π. entice them out, Arist. HA534a17; πρὸς αὑτόν τινας endeavour to attach them to oneself, Plb.3.77.7.

3. c. acc. et inf., invite one to do .., Trag.Adesp. 165 (= Com.Adesp.1295), etc.; π. τινὰ ἐς λόγον ἐλθεῖν Isoc.5.91; εἰρήνην ποιεῖσθαι X.HG2.2.15, cf. Pl.Euthd.294b, etc.; προκαλούμεθα ὑμᾶς φίλοι εἶναι καὶ ἐκ τῆς γῆς ἡμῶν ἀναχωρῆσαι Th.5.112; of things, αὐτὰ (sc. τὰ πράγματα) προκαλεῖται παρασκευάζειν τι invite, admonish, Arist.Pol.1331a22: also π. εἰ βούλοιντο .., c. inf., Th.4.30.

4. abs., αὐτῶν προκαλεσαμένων at or after their invitation, ib. 20, cf. Pl.R.451c; appeal, προκαλεῖσθαι περί τινος ἐπὶ Ῥωμαίους Plb.24.9.13.

II. c. acc. rei, offer, propose, δίκην Th.1.39, cf. 2.72, 73, Ar. Ach.984, etc.; τὰ εἰρημένα Th.5.37; τὰς σπονδάς Ar.Eq.796: with acc. pers. added, προκαλεῖσθαί τινας τὴν εἰρήνην offer them peace, Id.Ach. 652, cf. Pl.Euthphr.5a, Chrm.169c.

2. law-term, make an offer or challenge to the opponent for bringing about a decision, e.g. for submitting the case to arbitration, letting slaves be put to the torture, etc., προκαλοῦνται πρόκλησιν ἡμᾶς D.37.12, cf. 40.44, Antipho 1.6: c. acc. pers., challenge him, Id.6.23; π. εἰς πάντα τινάς ib.26; εἰς ἀντίδοσιν Lys.24.9; εἰς ὅρκον D.52.17; εἰς ἐμφανῶν κατάστασιν Is.6.31 (leg. προσ-); π. τινά τι make one an offer, D.48.4, cf. 37.42: c. acc. et inf., π. τὴν μητέρα ὀμόσαι offer that she should take an oath, Id.55.27: c. inf. only, π. ἐθέλειν ἐπιδεῖξαι Id.27.50, cf. 54.27; also π. κατά τινος εἰς μαρτυρίαν Id.29.20 (προσκ- codd.):—
Pass., π. περὶ Ἐπιδάμνου ἐς κρίσιν Th.l.34.

III. call up or forth, εὐγένειαν E.HF308; τὸν Θησαυρὸν ἐς τουμφανές Luc.Tim.41; τρίχας Dsc.2.151.