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prŏpinquĭtas, ātis, f. [propinquus], nearness, vicinity, proximity, propinquity (class.).

I. Lit., of place: ex longinquitate, propinquitate, Cic. Inv. 1, 26, 38: hostium, Caes. B. G. 2, 20: loci, id. ib. 7, 19: ex propinquitate pugnare, from a short distance, close at hand, id. ib. 2, 31: nimis imminebat propter propinquitatem Aegina Piraeo, Cic. Off. 3, 11, 46; id. Phil. 3, 6, 15.— In plur.: silvarum ac fluminum petunt propinquitates, Caes. B. G. 6, 29.—

II. Trop.

A. Relationship, affinity, propinquity: si pietate propinquitas colitur, Cic. Quint. 6, 26: vinculis propinquitatis conjunctus, id. Planc. 11, 27: nobilis propinquitas, Nep. Dion, 1, 2: arcta, near relationship, Plin. Ep. 4, 4, 1: jus propinquitatis, Vulg. Ruth, 3, 13; Tac. G. 7.—Plur.: si propinquitates summo bono non contineantur, Cic. Fin. 5, 24, 69.—

B. Intimacy, friendship (anteclass.): ad probos propinquitate se adjungere, Plaut. Aul. 2, 2, 59.—

C. Concr., a kinsman (late Lat.): in propinquitatis perniciem inclinatior, Amm. 14, 11, 7 al.