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prŏpinquus, a, um, adj. [prope], near, neighboring (class.).

I. Lit., of place: rus, Ter. Eun. 5, 5, 1: loca, Sall. J. 12, 2; 48, 4: nimium propinquus Sol, Hor. C. 1, 22, 21: propinquum praedium, Cic. Rosc. Am. 46, 133: provinciae, id. Phil. 11, 13, 34: insulae propinquae inter se, Sall. Fragm. ap. Non. 495, 33.—With gen.: in propinquis urbis montibus, Nep. Hann. 5, 1: ex propinquis itineris locis, Liv. 6, 25, 7 (al. itineri). —Comp.: exsilium paulo propinquius, Ov. Tr. 4, 4, 51.—Subst.: prŏpinquum, i, n., neighborhood, vicinity: ex propinquo cognoscere, from being in the neighborhood, Liv. 25, 13; 22, 33, 4; 44, 3, 8: ex propinquo aspicio, id. 28, 44: consulis castra in propinquo sunt, id. 24, 38 fin.; 25, 15, 8.—

II. Trop.

A. Of time, near, at hand, not far off: propinqua partitudo, Plaut. Aul. 1, 1, 36: reditus, Cic. Att. 9, 15, 3: mors, id. Div, 1, 30, 65: spes, Liv. 28, 25: vespera, Tac. A. 15, 60.—

B. Near in resemblance, resembling, similar, like: motus finitimi et propinqui his animi perturbationibus, Cic. de Or. 2, 44, 185: significatio, Gell. 6, 16, 11.—

C. Near in relationship or connection, kindred, related: tibi genere propinqui, Sall. J. 10, 3; Verg. A. 2, 86; Suet. Ner. 3.— Subst.: prŏpinquus, i, m., a relation, relative, kinsman (syn.: affinis, agnatus): societas propinquorum, Cic. Off. 1, 17, 53: tot propinqui cognatique, id. Rosc. Am. 34, 96: propinquus et amicus, id. Off. 1, 18, 59: propinqui ceteri, Sall. J. 14, 15: aequabiliter in longinquos, in propinquos, Cic. Mil. 28, 76; id. Fin. 5, 23, 67; id. Planc. 12, 29; Hor. S. 2, 3, 218; 1, 1, 83.—In fem.: prŏ-pinqua, ae, a female relative, kinswoman: virgo Vestalis hujus propinqua et necessaria, Cic. Mur. 35, 73.—Hence, adv.: prŏ-pinquē, near, at hand, hard by (ante- and post-class.): adest propinque, Plaut. Truc. 2, 6, 18; 2, 7, 21; Front. Ep. ad Anton. 2, 2 Mai.