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psaltērĭum, ĭi, n., = ψαλτήριον (e scanned short, Ven. Fort. 2, 19, 43).

I. A stringed instrument of the lute kind, a psaltery, Varr. ap. Non. 215, 16; Cic. Har. Resp. 21, 44; Verg. Cir. 178; Quint. 1, 10, 31; Arn. 6, 209; Aug. in Psa. 32; 70; Tert. Cor. Mil. 9; Vulg. 1 Par. 13, 8; id. Psa. 56, 8.—

II. Transf., a song sung to the psaltery.

A. A satire, Varr. ap. Non. 101, 3; Paul. Sent. 5, 4, 16.—

B. The songs of David, the Psalms, Hier. Ep. 53, 8; 125, 11 et saep.