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pūblĭco, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [publicus].

I. To make public property, to seize and adjudge to the public use, to confiscate (class.; cf. proscribo): regnum Jubae, Caes. B. C. 2, 25: bona Cingetorigis, id. B. G. 5, 54; 7, 43: privata, Cic. Agr. 2, 21, 57: bona, id. Cat. 4, 4, 8: Ptolemaeum, id. Dom. 8, 20: censeo publicandas eorum pecunias, Sall. C. 51, 43; Nep. Thras. 1, 5; Liv. 3, 58; 29, 19; Plin. Ep. 4, 11, 13: aurarias, Tac. A. 6, 19.—

II. To show or tell to the people, to impart to the public, make public or common (freq. only in the post-Aug. period, not in Cic. or Cæs.; cf. vulgo): Aventinum, i. e. to open for building, Liv. 3, 31, 1: bibliothecas Graecas et Latinas, to furnish for the use of the public, throw open to the public, Suet. Caes. 44; Plin. 7, 30, 31, 115; Suet. Aug. 43.—With se, to let one's self be heard in public, to come before the public, Suet. Ner. 21: oratiunculam, to publish, Plin. Ep. 5, 13, 1: epistulas, id. ib. 1, 1, 1: librum, id. ib. 1, 5, 2: libellos, Suet. Caes. 56; id. Aug. 43.—

B. In partic.

1. To make known, publish, reveal, disclose (very rare): reticenda, Just. 1, 7, 5; 2, 15, 17: dies fasti publicati, Plin. 33, 1, 6, 17.—

2. Corpus publicare, to expose one's self to common use, prostitute one's self, Plaut. Bacch. 4, 8, 22: publicata pudicitia, Tac. G. 19; Quint. 7, 9, 4.—

3. To lay waste, destroy, make a ruin of: domus, Vulg. 1 Esdr. 6, 11; id. Dan. 2, 5.