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θύρα [ῠ], Ion. θύρη, ἡ, Ion. gen. pl. θυρέων Archil.127, Hdt.1.9:—
door, Il.24.317, etc.: freq. in pl. of double or folding doors, θ. δικλίδες Od.17.267; θ. φαειναί 6.19, al.; θυρῶν ζεῦγος καινῶν IG12.313.123, cf. 4.1488.25(Epid.); ἡ δεξιὰ θ. the right valve, ib.22.1457.16; θ. μονόθυρος ib.1627.418; θύραι λίθιναι (including the framework) ib. 12.372.195; θύραι αὔλειαι, v. αὔλειος; ἡ θ. ἡ εἰς τὸν κῆπον φέρονσα D. 47.53, cf. κηπαῖος 11; rarely for πύλαι, gates, Plu.Cat.Mi.65; of the carceres in the Roman circus, barriers, Tab.Defix.Aud.187.59. —
Phrases: προσθεῖναι τὰς θ., προστιθέναι τὴν θ., Hdt.3.78, Lys.1.13; ἐπισπάσαι X.HG6.4.36; κλείειν Aristopho 7, Pl.Prt.314d; ἐφέλκεσθαι Luc.Am.16; τὴν θ. βαλανοῦν, μοχλοῦν, bar the door, Ar. Fr.251, 369; θύραν κόπτειν, πατάσσειν, κρούειν, knock, rap at the door, Id.Nu.132, Ra.38, Pl.Prt.310b; ἀράττειν, ἐπαράξαι, Ar.Ec. 977, Pl.Prt.314d; τὴν θ. ἀνοιγνύναι open it, v. ἀνοίγνυμι; ὦσαι push it open, Lys.1.24; μικρὸν ἐνδοῦναι open it a little, Plu.2.597d; δόμου ἐν πρώτῃσι θύρῃσι στῆναι Od.1.255; ἷζε δ' ἐπὶ ..οὐδοῦ ἔντοσθε θυράων 17.339; θυρῶν ἔνδον S.El.78; πρὸ θυρῶν ib.109(anap.); ἐπί or παρὰ Πριάμοιο θύρῃσι at Priam's door, i.e. before his dwelling, Il.2.788, 7.346: metaph., ἐπὶ ταῖς θύραις τῆς Ἑλλάδος εἶναι X. An.6.5.23, cf. D.10.34; τῆς πατρίδος Plu.Sull.29, Arat.37; ἐπὶ θύραις τῆς Πίσης Philostr.VA8.15; πυρετοῦ περὶ θύρας ὄντος being at the door, Plu.2.128f (but χειμῶνος ἐπὶ θύραις ὄντος Phlp.in Mete.130.25).

2. esp. of kings and potentates, οἱ τῶν ἀρίστων Περσῶν παῖδες ἐπὶ ταῖς βα�;σιλέως θύραις παιδεύονται are educated at court, X.An.1.9.3; γυνὴ φοιτῶσα ἐπὶ τὰς θύρας τοῦ βασιλέος, of a petitioner, Hdt.3.119, cf. X.An.2.1.8; αἱ ἐπὶ τὰς θ. φοιτήσεις dangling after the court, Id.HG1.6.7; ἐπὶ ταῖς τῶν πλουσίων θ. διατρίβειν Arist. Rh.1391a12; περὶ θύρας διατρίβειν Id.Pol.1313b7, Theopomp.Hist. 121; applied also to lovers, clients, disciples, etc., ἐπὶ τὴν θύραν (or τὰς θύρας) τινὸς βαδίζειν, ἰέναι, etc., Ar.Pl.1007, Pl.R.364b, cf. Phdr. 233e, etc.; ἐπὶ ταῖσι θύραις ἀεὶ καθῆσθαι Ar.Nu.467: metaph., Μουσῶν ἐπὶ ποιητικὰς θ. ἀφικέσθαι Pl.Phdr.245a.

3. prov., γλώσσῃ θύραι οὐκ ἐπίκεινται Thgn.421; οὐδέποτ' ἴσχει θ., of admirers of the Demos, Eup.265; ἐπὶ θύραις τὴν ὑδρίαν to break the pitcher at the very door, 'there's many a slip 'twixt cup and lip', Arist.Rh. 1363a7; τίς ἂν θύρας ἁμάρτοι; Id.Metaph.993b5; λόγος δικαστηρίου ἢ ἀγορᾶς οὐδὲ θύρας ἰδών D.H.Dem.23; τὸ κατὰ θύραν τερπνόν vulgar pleasures, Eun.VSp.496 B.; παρὰ θύραν πλανᾶσθαι S.E.M.1.43; ἐκ θυρῶν εὐθέως τῆς ..ἀκροάσεως at the very beginning, Olymp.in Mete. 2.1.

4. shutter of a window, τὰς θ. τὰς ἐπὶ τῶν θυρίδων IG12(5).872.37(Tenos), cf. 22.1668.60.

5. pl., door of a chariot, X.Cyr. 6.4.9.

6. pl., axle-trees, Poll.1.146(v.l. εὑραί).

7. θύρη καταπακτή trap-door, Hdt.5.16.

8. frame of planks, raft, Id.2.96; φραξάμενοι τὴν ἀκρόπολιν θύρῃσί τε καὶ ξύλοισι with hurdles and logs, Id.8.51, cf. Th.6.101.

9. in war, fenced works to obstruct landingparties, in pl., Ph.Bel.94.37, 100.7.

II. generally, entrance, as to a grotto, in pl., Od.9.243, al.

2. sluice-gate, PPetr.3p.134: pl., ib.2p.41 (iii B.C.).

III. metaph., senses, as the entrances to the soul, τὸ σῶμα πολλαῖς θυρίσι καὶ θύραις ἀνοίγοντες Seren. ap. Stob.3.6.17; ἐγγὺς τοῦ στόματος ἡ καρδία, ἡ δὲ ψυχὴ τῶν θ. Aristaenet.2.7. (I.-E. dhur-, cf. Lat. foras, fores, OE. duru 'door', etc.)