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θῦμα, ατος, τό, (θύω A) victim, sacrifice, SIG56.31 (Argos, v B.C.), A. Ag.1310, S.Ph.8,Ar.Av.901, Wilcken Chr.1 iii 3 (iii B.C.), etc.; τὸ θ. τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος Th.5.53; θ. θύειν, θύσασθαι, Pl.Plt.290e, R.378a, etc.; usu. of animals, but πάγκαρπα θ. offerings of all fruits, S.El.634; <ἁγνὰ> θ., opp. ἱερεῖα, expld. by Sch. as cakes in the form of animals, Th.1.126, cf. Pl.Lg.782c, Poll.1.26: prov., θ. Δελφόν 'Barmecide's feast', Call.Iamb.1.98.

2. pl., of animals slaughtered for food, LXX Ge.43.16.

3. metaph., of persons, θ. λεύσιμον, prob. of Clytemnestra, A.Ag.1118 (lyr.); πρόκεισθε θύματα τῆς ἡμετέρας ἐξουσίας Hdn.2.13.5.

II. act of sacrifice, ὧδ' ἦν τὰ κείνης θ. S.El.573. [θῠμα only Supp.Epigr.2.518 (Rome, iv A.D.), cf. Hdn.Gr.2.15.]