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rĕ-prĕhendo (rĕpraehendo, rĕ-prendo, or rĕpraendo; cf. prehendo. Examples of the contracted form among the poets are, Lucil. ap. Non. 427, 31; Ov. H. 11, 53; Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 39; id. S. 1, 10, 55 al.), di, sum, 3, v. a., to hold back, hold fast, take hold of, seize, catch.

I. Lit. (rare; not in Cic. or Cæs.): ille reprehendit hunc priorem pallio, Plaut. Trin. 3, 1, 23: me pallio, id. Mil. 1, 1, 60: hominem, id. Ps. 1, 3, 19: quosdam manu, Liv. 34, 14; Phaedr. 5, 8, 4: servi fugiunt, sed si reprehensi sunt, Plaut. Most. 4, 1, 6: veluti profugos et reprensos in catenis reducere, Suet. Calig. 45; cf.: reprehensi ex fugā Persae, Curt. 4, 14, 2: membra rapi partim, partim reprensa relinqui, caught fast, sticking behind, Ov. M. 15, 526.—

II. Trop.

A. In gen, to hold fast, take or lay hold of, restrain; to recover (rare, but found in Cic.): revocat virtus, vel potius reprehendit manu, Cic. Ac. 2, 45, 139: res ab exitio reprehendere euntes, Lucr. 6, 569: omnes extremum cupiunt vitae reprehendere vinclum, to hold fast, retain, id. 3, 599; cf.: id memori mente, id. 3, 858: sese (sensus), id. 4, 497; Prop. 3, 19 (4, 18), 9: sed reprendi me tamen, Nequid de fratre garrulae illi dicerem, have restrained myself, Ter. Ad. 4, 4, 16: pernoscite, locum Reprehendere, to recover or restore what had been left out or omitted, id. ib. prol. 14: quod erat praetermissum, id reprehendisti, Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 20, 51.—

B. In partic., to check, restrain an erring person or (more freq.) the error itself; hence, by meton., to blame, censure, find fault with, reprove, rebuke, reprehend (freq. and class.; cf.: vituperor, criminor, increpo): cum in eodem genere, in quo ipsi offendissent, alios reprehendissent, Cic. Clu. 36, 98: quem qui reprehendit, in eo reprehendit, quod gratum praeter modum dicat esse, id. Planc. 33, 82; cf. id. ib. 26, 63; 34, 84: si quos (aculeos) habuisti in me reprehendendo, id. ib. 24, 58: non modo non sum reprehendendus, sed etiam, etc., id. ib. 38, 91; Quint. 12, 10, 43; Ter. Ad. 5, 9, 37: meum discessum reprehendere et subaccusare, Cic. Planc. 35, 86: quod reprehendit Lauranius, Messala defendit, Quint. 9, 4, 38: aliquem communi vituperatione, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 18, 46: nihil haberem quod reprehenderem, si, etc., id. Fin. 2, 8, 23: ea res omnium judicio reprehendebatur, Caes. B. C. 1, 14 fin.: consilium, id. B. G. 5, 33; id. B. C. 3, 51: temeritatem cupiditatemque militum, licentiam, arrogantiam, id. B. G. 7, 52: delicta, Sall. C. 3, 2: studia aliena, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 39: versus inertes, id. A. P. 445: carmen, id. ib. 292: cum de se loquitur, non ut majore reprensis, id. S. 1, 10, 55: si inspersos egregio reprendas corpore naevos, id. ib. 1, 6, 67: in hoc ipso (Demosthene) reprehendit Aeschines quaedam et exagitat, Cic. Or. 8, 26: tu id in me reprehendis, quod Q. Metello laudi datum est, id. Planc. 36, 89: omnes istius modi artes in iis, id. ib. 25, 62: quae in eo, Caes. B. G. 1, 20 fin.: dentes albos in iis, Quint. 8, 6, 40: nihil in magno Homero, Hor. S. 1, 10, 52 et saep.: verum ea ne quis credat eo reprehendenda, quod multos cognovimus qui, etc., Quint. 12, 3, 11: sunt inevitabiles soni, quibus nonnumquam nationes reprendimus, id. 1, 5, 33.— Absol.: visum te aiunt in regiā: nec reprehendo, quippe cum ipse istam reprehensionem non fugerim, Cic. Att. 10, 3, a, 1: quo plures det sibi tamquam ansas ad reprehendendum, id. Lael. 16, 59: irridentis magis est quam reprehendentis, id. Planc. 31, 75.—

2. Esp., of public and formal condemnation, to convict, pass judgment on: quam multa vero injuste fleri possunt, quae nemo possit reprehendere, Cic. Fin. 2, 18, 57: si senatores judicent, hoc unum genus pecuniae per injuriam cogendae nullo modo posse reprehendi, id. Verr. 2, 3, 96, 223: neque id ullo modo senatoriis judiciis, reprehendi posse, id. ib. 2, 3, 96, 224.—

3. In rhet., to refute: expone nunc de reprehendendo, Cic. Part. Or. 12, 44: omnis argumentatio reprehenditur, si aut ex eis, quae sumpta sunt, non conceditur aliquid, etc., id. Inv. 1, 42, 79; cf. reprehensio, II. B. 2.