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rĕ-prĭmo, pressi, pressum, 3, v. a., to press back, keep back; to check, curb, restrain (class., partic. in the trop. sense; cf.: repello, refuto).

I. Lit.: illa praedicta Veientium, si lacus Albanus redundasset, Romam periturum; si repressus esset, Veios, Cic. Div. 2, 32, 69: amnem, Flor. 1, 1, 3: fontes, Stat. Th. 5, 522: alvum, Cels. 2, 12; cf.: medicamenta reprimentia, id. 6, 6, 2; 6, 16, 2 al.: vulvas procidentes, Plin. 35, 15, 51, 182: sudorem, id. 20, 13, 51, 142: labra, Plaut. Cas. 2, 8, 16: dextram, Verg. A. 12, 939: ensem, Stat. Th. 11, 309: retro pedem cum voce, Verg. A. 2, 378.— Of personal objects: represso jam Lucterio et remoto, forced back, Caes. B. G. 7, 8; cf.: aliquem repressum, non oppressum relinquere, Cic. Mur. 15, 32.—

II. Trop. (the figure borrowed from the restraining, confining of a stream), to check, curb, restrain, limit, confine, repress: difficilem quandam temperantiam postulant in eo, quod semel admissum coërceri reprimique non potest, Cic. Fin. 1, 1, 2; cf.: furorem exsultantem reprimere, id. Sest. 44, 95: intellego hanc rei publicae pestem paulisper reprimi, non in perpetuum comprimi posse, id. Cat. 1, 12, 30: memoria, non exstincta, sed repressa vetustate, suppressed, id. Cael. 30, 71: impetus hostium repressos esse intellegunt ac retardatos, id. Imp. Pomp. 5, 13: iis regios spiritus repressit, Nep. Dion, 5, 5: animi incitationem atque alacritatem non reprimere sed augere, Caes. B. C. 3, 92 fin.: cursum, id. ib. 3, 93: itinera, Cic. Att. 10, 9: fugam hostium, Caes. B. G. 3, 14: iracundiam, Ter. Ad. 5, 3, 8; 9: nunc reprimam susceptam objurgationem, Cic. Att. 4, 16, 9 (15): illius conatus, id. Verr. 2, 2, 26, 64: consuetudinem peccandi, id. ib. 2, 2, 22, 53: fletum, id. Rep. 6, 15, 15: gemitum, Ov. M. 9, 163 et saep.: odium suum a corpore alicujus, Cic. Sest. 55, 117: famam, id. Phil. 11, 10, 23: ferocitatem, id. Off. 2, 11, 40: impetum, id. Leg. 3, 12, 27.— Poet., with inf.: ast occasus ubi tempusve audere repressit, the bold undertaking, Enn. ap. Tert. p. 178 Müll. (Ann. v. 292 Vahl.).— Of personal objects: quem neque fides, neque jusjurandum ... Repressit, has restrained, Ter. Ad. 3, 2, 9: me ... horum aspectus in ipso cursu orationis repressit, Cic. Sest. 69, 144: quem L. Murena repressum magnā ex parte, non oppressum reliquit, id. Mur. 15, 32: reprimam me, ne aegre quicquam ex me audias, I will control myself, check or restrain myself, Ter. Hec. 5, 1, 38; so, me, id. Heaut. 1, 2, 25; Cic. Leg. 2, 17, 44: hac repressi castigatione in proelium redeunt, Just. 1, 6, 15; cf. mid.: vix reprimor, quin te manere jubeam, Plaut. Mil. 4, 8, 58: se ab omni contagione vitiorum, Plin. Pan. 83, 2.— Hence, adv.: rĕpressē, with restraint, constrainedly: repressius peccare, Gell. 12, 11, 5: repressius actum est, Amm. 29, 2, 12.