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rĕ-solvo, solvi, sŏlūtum, 3, v. a., to untie, unfasten, unbind; to loose, loosen, release, open (not freq. till after the Aug. per.; cf.: relaxo, resero, recludo, libero).

I. Lit.

A. In gen.: equos, to unyoke, Ov. F. 4, 180; cf.: juncta juga leonibus, Cat. 63, 76: quem suā sponte vinxerit, non resolvat, etc., Col. 1, 8, 16; 11, 1, 22: cinctas vestes, Ov. M. 1, 382; cf. nodum, Cels. 7, 4, 4: fila, to loose, separate, Ov. M. 2, 654: vulnera, to unbind, Quint. 6, 1, 30; 49: oras, to cast loose from the shore, Liv. 22, 19, 10 Drak. N. cr.: virginem catenis, i. e. to release, Ov. M. 4, 737; cf.: crura vinclis, id. A. A. 3, 272: (puella) resoluta capillos, id. Am. 2, 14, 39: claustra, to open, Lucr. 1, 415: litteras, Liv. 26, 15: venas, Tac. A. 6, 48: jugulum mucrone, Ov. M. 1, 227: ferro, id. ib. 6, 643: manum in diversum, Quint. 11, 3, 97: fauces haec in verba, Ov. M. 2, 282; cf.: exspectato Ora sono, id. ib. 13, 126: fatis ora, Verg. G. 4, 452; and simply ora, id. A. 3, 457: ignis aurum resolvit, melts, dissolves, Lucr. 6, 967: nivem, to melt, thaw, Ov. Tr. 3, 10, 13; cf.: resolutus repente Rhenus, Suet. Dom. 6: margaritas in tabem, Plin. 9, 35, 58, 120: glaebam in pulverem, Col. 11, 2, 60: nummos, to melt down, Lampr. Alex. Sev. 30 fin. — Poet.: nebulas ventis ac sole, to disperse, dissipate, scatter, Ov. M. 14, 400; cf. tenebras (sidere), Verg. A. 8, 591: resoluta caligo, Sil. 5, 58: Zephyro se glaeba, becomes loose or soft, Verg. G. 1, 44; Curt. 4, 6, 11: terra resoluta, Col. 4, 1, 4; 11, 3, 5: muros ariete, to break down, Sil. 5, 553: cinctos muros, id. 12, 495: saxa, id. 1, 369. —

B. In partic.

1. To relax, unnerve, enervate, enfeeble the body (cf. remitto): felicitas hos inflat, illos mollit et totos resolvit, Sen. Ep. 36, 1: (Cerberus) immania terga resolvit Fusus humi, stretched out, Verg. A. 6, 422: nexos artus, id. ib. 4, 695: utrumque (concubitus), Ov. A. A. 2, 683: corpus (somno), id. M. 7, 328: placitā resoluta quiete, id. ib. 9, 468: membra ad molles choros, Prop. 2, 34 (3, 32), 42; Curt. 4, 16, 13: fatigatione resolutus, id. 6, 8, 21; 9, 5, 10.—

2. Mostly ante-class., to pay a debt: minas, Plaut. Ep. 1, 2, 39: argentum, id. ib. 3, 2, 16; id. Men. 5, 5, 30: pro vecturā, id. As. 2, 4, 27; cf. Cato, R. R. 144, 3; 145, 1; 148, 2: damnum boni viri arbitratu resolvere, id. ib. 149, 2. —

II. Trop.

A. In gen. (acc. to I. A.), to separate, unbind, set free, release; to disclose, show, reveal, lay open; to annul, cancel, make void, abolish, destroy (syn. rescindo): ipsas periodos majoribus intervallis et velut laxioribus nodis resolvemus, Quint. 9, 4, 127: quoniam, quā fieri quicquid posset ratione, resolvi, have disclosed, shown, Lucr. 5, 773: teque piacula nulla resolvent, release, Hor. C. 1, 28, 34: amore resolutus, Tib. 1, 10, 83: (Hannibal) Quod sponte abscedat tandemque resolvat Ausoniam, liberate, Sil. 17, 206: resoluta legibus urbs, id. 11, 36: ira resoluta frenis legum, Luc. 2, 145: litem quod lite resolvit, does away with, ends, Hor. S. 2, 3, 103: invitat genialis hiems curasque resolvit, banishes, dispels, Verg. G. 1, 302: tristitiam animi, Plin. 24, 6, 15, 24: dolos tecti ambagesque, i. e. find the way through, Verg. A. 6, 29: jura (pudoris), id. ib. 4, 27: dolos fraudesque, Sil. 7, 153: gaudia ferro, id. 13, 508: amphiboliam, to destroy, remove, Quint. 7, 9, 4: ambiguitatem, id. 12, 2, 13: dicta ex parte diversā, i. e. refute, id. 5, 13, 12: vectigal et onera commerciorum, to abolish, Tac. H. 4, 65: stipulationem, Dig. 21, 2, 57 fin.: conventionem, ib. 41, 5, 2: emptionem, ib. 18, 2, 2 et saep. —

B. In partic. (acc. to I. B.).

1. To relax, soften: disciplinam militarem, Tac. H. 1, 51: judices, Quint. 4, 2, 19; id. 8, prooem 12. —

2. To pay: unā plagā (cf. I. B. 2. supra), Plaut. Am. 2, 2, 73 (but in Cic. Phil. 14, 14, 38, the correct reading is persoluturum). — Hence, rĕsŏlūtus, a, um, P. a. (acc. to I. B. 1.), relaxed, enervated, effeminate: corpora juvenum (with fluxa), Col. praef. 17: minister Idaeo resolutior cinaedo, Mart. 10, 98.—

2. Free, unhampered: os, Val.Max. 8, 7, ext. 1.—

3. Unbridled: gaudia, Sil. 11, 305.—Adv.: rĕsŏlūtē, without restraint: quo resolutius decachinnetis, more unrestrainedly, Tert. ad Nat. 1, 19.