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rŏsa, ae, f. [kindr. with ῥόδον], a rose.

I. Lit., Varr R. R. 1, 35, 1; Plin. 21, 4, 10, 14: Paestanae rosae, Mart. 4, 42, 10: cape rosas, id. 2, 59, 3; sacred to Venus, Aus. Idyll. 14; cf. id. ib. 6, 76 and 92; blooms latest of the spring flowers, Plin. 21, 11, 38, 64.—Hence, sera, Hor. C. 1, 38, 3; cf. Cicero's reproach: cum rosam viderat, tum incipere ver arbitrabatur, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, 27.—Used on festive and solemn occasions for wreaths, for strewing in the way or upon graves, at feasts, etc., Lucr. 2, 627; Hor. C. 1, 36, 15; 2, 11, 14; 3, 19, 22; 29, 3; Prop. 1, 17, 22; 3, 5 (4, 4), 22; 4 (5), 8, 40; Plin. 18, 26, 64, 236; Sen. Hippol. 769; Plin. Ep. 5, 6, 34; Tac. H. 2, 70 et saep.; cf. Becker, Gall. 3, p. 32 (2d edit.): plena rosarum Atria. Ov. M. 2, 113.— Prov.: inter vepres rosae nascuntur, Amm. 16, 7, 4. —

B. Collect., for roses, wreaths of roses (only so in class. prose): sertis redimiri jubebis et rosā? Cic. Tusc. 3, 18, 43: an tu me in violā putabas aut in rosā dicere? on, among roses, id. ib. 5, 26, 73: in rosā potare, id. Fin. 2, 20, 65: jacere, Sen. Ep. 36, 9: vivere, Mart. 8, 77, 2; cf.: multā in rosā, Hor. C. 1, 5, 1: pulvinus perlucidus rosā fartus, Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, 27.—

II. Transf.

A. As a word of endearment, in Plautus: mea rosa, my rose, my rosebud, Plaut. As. 3, 3, 74; id. Bacch. 1, 1, 50; or simply rosa, id. Men. 1, 3, 9: tu mihi rosa es, id. Curc. 1, 2, 6.—

B. Oil of roses, Cels. 8, 3; 4; 6, 18, 8. —

C. The season or month of roses, Inscr. Grut. 753, 4; cf. rosales.—

D. The rose-bush, rose-tree: nimium breves Flores amoenae ferre jube rosae, Hor. C. 2, 3, 14: radix silvestris rosae, Plin. 8, 41, 63, 152.—Plur.: flores rosarum, Lucr. 2, 627; cf. Hor. C. 3, 29, 3: terram ad rosarum et vineae satum vertere, Plin. 18, 26, 64, 236.