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sēdo, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. and n. [sedeo].

I. Act. (orig. to cause to sit, to seat; hence, of inanimate or abstract objects), to allay, settle, still, calm, assuage, appease, quiet, check, end, stop, stay, etc. (syn.: mitigo, mulceo, lenio): cave putes, aut mare ullum aut flammam esse tantam, quam non facilius sit sedare quam effrenatam insolentiā multitudinem, Cic. Rep. 1, 42, 65: pulverem, Phaedr. 2, 5, 18: curriculum, Cic. Arat. 125; cf. vela, i. e. to furl, Prop. 3 (4) 21, 20: flammam, id. 3 (4), 18, 5: incendia, Ov. R. Am. 117.—Mid.: sedatis fluctibus, having subsided, abated, lulled, Cic. Inv. 2, 51, 154: sedatis ventis, Ov. M. 15, 349; cf.: tempestas sedatur, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 18, 46.—Of hunger, thirst, etc.: sitim, to slake, quench, Lucr. 2, 663; 4, 850; Ov. M. 3, 415; Phaedr. 4, 4, 1; Suet. Oth. 11 al.: famem ac sitim, Plin. 11, 54, 119, 284; cf.: carne jejunia, Ov. M. 15, 83: lassitudinem, Plaut. Bacch. 1, 1, 75; Nep. Eum. 9, 6: pestilentiam, Liv. 7, 3; Just. 20, 2, 8: dolores aurium, Plin. 29, 6, 39, 133: tumorem vulnerum, id. 30, 13, 39, 114; 20, 20, 81, 211: scabiem, pruritum, id. 30, 13, 41, 121 et saep.: (populi impetus) aliquando incenditur, et saepe sedatur, Cic. Leg. 3, 10, 24: bellum intestinum ac domesticum, id. Cat. 2, 13, 28; so, bellum, Nep. Dat. 8, 6: pugnam, id. Cat. 3, 3, 6: proelium, Liv. 34, 5: seditionem, Cic. Rep. 1, 38, 60; id. Att. 5, 14, 1: tumultum, Caes. B. C. 3, 18; 3, 106 fin.; Liv. 3, 15 al.: discordias, Cic. Phil. 1, 1, 1: controversiam, id. Leg. 1, 21, 54: contentionem, Liv. 39, 39: invidiam et infamiam, Cic. Verr. 1, 1, 1; cf.: sermunculum omnem aut restinxerit aut sedarit, id. Att. 13, 10, 2: miserias, Plaut. Poen. 5, 4, 107: calamitatem, Ter. Hec. prol. alt. 24: mala, Cic. Phil. 2, 18, 46.—Of feelings, passions, appetites, etc.: in animis hominum motum dicendo vel excitare vel sedare, Cic. de Or. 1, 46, 202: mentes (opp. excitare), id. ib. 1, 5, 17; cf.: appetitus omnes, id. Off. 1, 29, 103: illā tertiā parte animi, in quā irarum exsistit ardor, sedatā atque restinctā, id. Div. 1, 29, 61: animos militum, Liv. 26, 21: iram, Plaut. Merc. 5, 4, 1: cupidinem, id. Am. 2, 2, 210: rabiem, Hor. Epod. 12, 9: pavorem, Liv. 1, 16: lamentationem, id. 25, 37: fletus, Prop. 2, 16 (3, 8), 31: curas, Stat. Th. 12, 514: vulnera mentis, Ov. P. 4, 11, 19 et saep.—Rarely with personal objects: affert potionem et te sedatum it, Plaut. Curc. 1, 2, 22: ut vix a magistratibus juventus sedaretur, was quieted, brought to order, Liv. 21, 20: tumultuantes deinde milites ipse sedavit, Just. 12, 15, 2.—

II. Neutr., to become quiet, to lull, subside: postquam tempestas sedavit, Auct. ap. Gell. 18, 12, 6 (cf. the mid.: sedatur tempestas, supra).—Hence, sēdātus, a, um, P. a., composed, moderate, calm, quiet, tranquil, sedate (class.): alter (Herodotus) sine ullis salebris quasi sedatus amnis fluit, alter (Thucydides) incitatior fertur, Cic. Or. 12, 39: in ipsis numeris sedatior, id. ib. 52, 176: sedatissimā et depressissimā voce uti, Auct. Her. 3, 14, 24; cf.: Terenti, Latinā voce Menandrum sedatis vocibus effers, in gentle tones, Cic. poët. ap. Suet. Vit. Ter. 5: oderunt Sedatum celeres, agilem gnavumque remissi, Hor. Ep. 1, 18, 90: scribere sedatiore animo, Cic. Att. 8, 3, 7; cf.: olli sedato respondit corde Latinus. Verg. A. 12, 18: amnes, id. ib. 9, 30: sedato gradu in castra abeunt, Liv. 25, 37: sedatius tempus, Cic. Clu. 37, 103.—Adv.: sēdātē, calmly, tranquilly, sedately, Plaut. Men. 5, 6, 17; Cic. Tusc. 2, 20, 46; 2, 24, 58; id. Or. 27, 92. —Comp., Amm. 25, 1, 5.