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sē-păro, āvi, ātum, 1, v. a. [2. paro], to disjoin, sever, part, divide, separate (class. and freq., esp. in the trop. sense; cf.: divido, dirimo, disjungo, secludo).

I. Lit.

(a). With ab: senatoria subsellia a populari consessu, Cic. Corn. Fragm. 12, p. 449 Orell.: separat Aonios Oetaeis Phocis ab arvis, Ov. M. 1, 313: Asiam ab Europā, Plin. 4, 12, 26, 87: separandos a cetero exercitu ratus, Curt. 7, 2, 35.—

(b). With abl. (poet.): Seston Abydenā separat urbe fretum, Ov. Tr. 1, 10, 28: separat (spatium) aethere terram, Luc. 4, 75; 9, 524; natura nos ceteris separatos animalibus sola homines fatetur, Diom. 275 P.—

(g). With simple acc., Cic. Agr. 2, 32, 87; cf.: nec nos mare separat ingens, Ov. M. 3, 448: in ipsis Europam Asiamque separantis freti angustiis, Plin. 9, 15, 20, 50; equitum magno numero ex omni populi summā separato, Cic. Rep. 2, 22, 39: Thessalorum omnis equitatus separatus erat, separated, divided, Liv. 42, 55 fin., Dig. 34, 2, 19, 2.—Pass.: ut corpora gentis illius separata sint in alias civitates, ingenia vera solis Atheniensium muris clausa existimes, Vell. 1, 18, 1.—

II. Trop., to treat or consider separately; to distinguish, except.

(a). With ab: multi Graeci a perpetuis suis historiis ea bella separaverunt, Cic. Fam. 5, 12, 2: cogitatione magis a virtute potest quam re separari, id. Off. 1, 27, 95, suum consilium ab reliquis separare, Caes. B. G. 7, 63 fin.: ob separata ab se consilia, Liv. 23, 20, 4: nihil est, quod se ab Aetolis separent, id. 38, 43, 12: orato rem, quem a bono viro non separo, Quint. 2, 21, 12; saepe a figuris ea (vitia) separare difficile est, id. 1, 5, 5.—

(b). With simple acc.: separemus officium dantis testes et refellentis, Quint. 5, 7, 9: miscenda sit an separanda narratio, id. 4, 2, 101; cf. id. 12, 2, 13; cf.: virtus ipsa, separatā utilitate, Cic. Tusc. 4, 15, 34: oratio ac vis forensis, ut idem separetur Cato, ita universa erupit sub Tullio, ut, etc., i. e. if Cato again be excepted (shortly before: praeter Catonem), Vell. 1, 17, 3.—Hence, sēpărātus, a, um, P. a., separated, separate, distinct, particular, different.

(a). With ab: quaestiones separatae a complexu rerum, Quint. 5, 8, 6. —

(b). With abl.: (animalia) separata alienis, Vell. 1, 16, 2.—

(g). Absol.: ista aliud quoddam separatum volumen exspectant, Cic. Att. 14, 17, 6; so id. Verr. 2, 1, 17, 45 Zumpt N cr.: neutrum vitiosum separatum est, sed compositione peccatur, Quint. 1, 5, 35: quid separata, quid conjuncta (verba) exigant, id. 8, 3, 15: eorum nullum ipsum per se separatum probo, Cic. Rep. 1, 35, 54 Mos. N. cr.: privati ac separati agr: apud eos nihil est, Caes. B. G. 4, 1; cf.: separatae singulis sedes et sua cuique mensa, Tac. G. 22: separati epulis, discreti cubilibus, id. H. 5, 5: (exordium) separatum, quod non ex ipsā causā ductum est, nec, Cic. Inv. 1, 18, 26: tu (Bacchus) separatis uvidus in jugis (i. e. remotis), distant, remote, Hor C. 2, 19, 18.—Comp.: intellectus, Tert. Anim. 18 fin.—Sup. does not occur. —Hence, adv.: sēpărātē, separately, apart: separatius adjungi, Cic. Inv. 2, 51, 156.