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servīlis, e, adj. [servus], of or belonging to a slave, slavish, servile (class.).

I. Lit. (syn. famularis): tumultus, the servile war, insurrection of the slaves, Caes. B. G. 1, 40: imperium, like that of masters over slaves, Sall. H. 1, 9 Dietsch: bellum, Flor. 3, 19, 2; Cic. Imp. Pomp. 10, 28: terror, dread of the slaves, of a servile insurrection, Liv. 3, 16: manus, a band of slaves (with latrones), Hor. Epod. 4, 19: capita, Liv. 27, 16: caput, Dig. 4, 5, 3: de uxoribus in servilem modum quaestionem habent, like slaves, Caes. B. G. 6, 19; cf. Hor. S. 1, 8, 32: inscriptio (i. e. triumphi de servis), Flor. 3, 19, 8: operae (i. e. servis dignae), id. 2, 18, 10: nil servile habet, Hor. S. 2, 7, 111: servilia fingere, Tac. A. 16, 2: caedi discentes, deforme atque servile est, Quint. 1, 3, 14; cf. verbera, Just. 1, 5, 2: causa, Dig. 4, 5, 3, 1: adfinitates, ib. 23, 2, 14, 3: cognationes, ib. 23, 2, 14, 3: condicio, ib. 48, 20, 1: necessitas, ib. 3, 8, 19, 2.—

II. Trop.: serviles nuptiae (opp. liberales), Plaut. Cas. prol. 68 and 73: schema, id. Am. prol. 117: vestis, Cic. Pis, 38, 92: color, id. ib. 38, 1: indoles, Liv. 1, 5: gestus (with humilis), Quint. 11, 3, 83: vernilitas, id. 1, 11, 2: litterae, i. e. the lower branches of learning (writing, reading, arithmetic, etc.; opp. liberales, the higher branches), Sen. Tranq. 9: jugum, Cic. Phil. 1, 2, 6: munus, id. Sull. 19, 55.—Hence, adv., like a slave, slavishly, servilely.

a. servīle: gemens, Claud. B. Gild. 364.—

b. servīlĭter (class.): serviliter ficti dominum consalutamus, Petr. 117, 6: ne quid serviliter muliebriterve faciamus, Cic. Tusc. 2, 23, 55; so Tac. H. 1, 36: saevire, Flor. 1, 23, 1.—Comp. and sup. of the adj. and adv. do not occur.