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sŏlĭum, ii, n. [from the root sol, kindr. with sed, sedeo], a seat.

I. Most usu. of gods, kings, or other distinguished personages.

A. Lit., a seat, chair of state, throne (cf.: thronus, tribunal): regali in solio sedens, Cic. Fin. 2, 21, 69: domus regia et in domo regale solium, Liv. 1, 47, 4; cf.: solio rex infit ab alto, Verg. A. 11, 301: solio tum Juppiter aureo Surgit, id. ib. 10, 116; so, Jovis, Hor. Ep. 1, 17, 34; Suet. Calig. 57: divinum, Cic. Rep. 3, 8, 12: deorum solia, id. Har. Resp. 27, 57: regale (Jovis), Ov. F. 6, 353: sedens in solio consulantibus respondere (of solicitors), Cic. Leg. 1, 3, 10; id. de Or. 2, 33, 143: sedet Sollemni solio, Ov. M. 14, 262: acernum, Verg. A. 8, 178: eburnum, i. e. sella curulis, Claud. Laud. Stil. 3, 199; id. VI. Cons Hon. 588.—

B. Meton. like our throne, for rule, sway, dominion (mostly poet.): pristina majestas soliorum et sceptra superba, Lucr. 5, 1137; cf.: solio sceptroque potitur, Ov. H. 14, 113; cf. Val. Fl. 2, 309; 6, 742; Hor. C. 2, 2, 17: solio avorum aliquem depellere, Luc. 4, 690; Claud. IV. Cons. Hon. 213: Demetrium in paterno solio locaturi, Liv. 39, 53, 4: Pacorum avito Arsacidarum solio depulsuri, Tac. H. 1, 40: paternum solium per vim, per arma capere, Lact. 1, 10, 10.—

II. A tub, esp. for bathing, Lucr. 6, 800; Cato, R. R. 10, 4; Cels. 1, 3; 1, 4; 7, 26, 5; Liv. 44, 6; Plin. 33, 12, 54, 152; Suet. Aug. 82 fin.; Pall. 1, 40, 3; 1, 41, 1.—For other purposes, Plin. 19, 2, 8, 28.—

III. A stone coffin for persons of distinction, a sarcophagus: solium Porphyretici marmoris, Suet. Ner. 50; cf. Curt. 10, 10, 9; Flor. 4, 11 fin.; Inscr. Marin. Fratr. Arv. p. 343 al.