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sub-trăho, xi, ctum, 3, v. a., to draw away from underneath or by stealth; also, in gen., to draw off, carry off, withdraw, take away, remove, etc. (class.; syn. subduco).

I. Lit.: subtractus Numida mortuo superincubanti Romano vivus, Liv. 22, 51, 9 (Weissenb. substratus): pedibus raptim tellus subtracta, Lucr. 6, 605: effracto colla jugo, Ov. Tr. 5, 2, 40: viro (peculium), Plaut. Cas. 2, 2, 28: (impedimenta) clandestinā fugā, Hirt. B. G. 8, 33: aggerem cuniculis, Caes. B. G. 7, 22: si dediticii subtrahantur, id. ib. 1, 44; Cic. Mur. 37, 80: hastatos primae legionis ex acie, Liv. 10, 14: milites ab dextro cornu, id. 44, 37: cibum alicui, Cic. Fragm. ap. Non. 105, 10: materiam, quae laedere videtur, Cels. 3, 4: oculos, to turn away, avert, Tac. A. 3, 53; id. Agr. 45: se a curiā et ab omni parte rei publicae, to withdraw, retire, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 6, 5; so, se, Liv. 44, 16: teque adspectu ne subtrahe nostro, Verg. A. 6, 465: Armeniam ad Parthos se subtrahentem, Flor. 4, 12, 43: servus domino se, Dig. 21, 1, 17. — Also without se: repente interdiu vel noctu subtrahebat, he would withdraw, Suet. Caes. 65: praefectum praetorio non ex ingerentibus sed ex subtrahentibus legere, Plin. Pan. 86, 2. — Mid.: vastis tremit ictibus puppis Subtrahiturque solum, withdraws itself, gives way under it, Verg. A. 5, 199: subtracto solo, Tac. A. 1, 70: subtractus fugā, Plin. 8, 37, 56, 134.—

II. Trop.: neque verba sedem habere possunt, si rem subtraxeris, neque, etc., Cic. de Or. 3, 5, 19: necessaria cum periculo subtrahuntur, Quint. 4, 2, 44: verba pudoris gratiā, id. 9, 3, 59: verbum, id. 9, 3, 58: S litteram, id. 9, 4, 38: narrationem, id. 4, 2, 8: nomina candidatorum, Tac. A. 1, 81; for which: aliis nominatis, me unum subtrahebat, to omit, not mention, Curt. 6, 10, 7; id. ib. 9: aliquem bello, Liv. 8, 29; cf.: cui judicio eum mors subtraxit, id. 6, 1: aliquem judicio, id. 9, 26: aliquem irae militum, Tac. H. 3, 7: aliquem minis populi, Just. 16, 4, 20.—Reflex.: me a curiā, Cic. Q. Fr. 2, 6, 5: se legum actionibus, Quint. 7, 4, 39: se oneri, id. 12, 9, 21: se labori, Col. 1, 9, 6: se discrimini alicujus, Vell. 2, 86 fin. Ruhnk. et saep.: subtrahente se, withdrawing himself (as surety), Liv. 28, 25.