Previous: suppressusNext: supprincipalis


sup-prĭmo (subp-), pressi, pressum, 3, v. a. [premo], to press down or under.

I. In gen., so rarely and only as a naut. t. t., to sink, send to the bottom a vessel: quattuor (naves) suppressae, Liv. 22, 19, 12; so, naves, id. 28, 30, 11; 37, 11, 11; Just. 2, 9, 13. —

II. In partic. (class.).

A. To hold or keep back; to check, stop, put a stop to; to detain, restrain, suppress (syn.: reprimo, repello, sisto).

1. Lit.: hostem nostros insequentem, Caes. B. C. 1, 45: iter, id. ib. 1, 66: aerii cursūs habenas, Ov. M. 6, 709: lora manu, id. Am. 1, 13, 10: fugam, id. M. 11, 777: sanguinem, Cels. 2, 10 fin.; 5, 26, 22; Plin. 27, 12, 91, 113: alvum, i. e. to close, make costive, Cels. 2, 12, 2: ventrem, id. 4, 19: fontes, Ov. M. 15, 280; id. P. 4, 2, 18: lacrimas, Prop. 3, 10 (4, 9), 8; Albin. 1, 427: vocem, let fall, Ov. M 1, 715: partem ultimam vocis In medio sono, id. ib. 5, 193: si jam deficiam, subpressaque lingua palate Vix instillato restituenda mero, etc., id. Tr. 3, 3, 21.—

2. Trop.: aegritudinem supprimere nec pati manare longius, Cic. Tusc. 3, 31, 75: stultiloquium, Plaut. Mil. 2, 3, 24: impetum militum, Liv. 31, 18, 7; 7, 24, 3: iram, id. 2, 35, 2; Ov. P. 1, 8, 69: querelas, id. F. 4, 83; Petr. 91: furorem, id. 71: fletum, Prop. 4 (5), 1, 113: dolorem altā mente, Luc. 6, 228. —

B. To keep from publicity, keep to one's self; to keep back, conceal, suppress (syn.: abscondo, celo).

1. Lit.: quae (HS DC) reticuit atque suppressit, Cic. Clu. 36, 99: pecuniam, id. ib. 25, 68; 26, 71: nummos, id. ib. 27, 75: elaborata abscondere atque supprimere, Plin. 25, 1, 1, 1: quae (senatusconsulta) antea arbitrio consulum supprimebantur vitiabanturque, Liv. 3, 55, 13: testamentum, Suet. Calig. 16: libros, id. Gram. 8 fin.: alienam ancillam, to harbor secretly, Dig. 47, 2, 84: adulterii foeditate suppressā, Amm. 16, 8, 6.—

2. Trop.: ejus decreti suppressa fama est, Liv. 5, 1, 7: famam coërcitam, Tac. H. 1, 17 fin.: indicium conjurationis, Curt. 6, 8, 8: nomen Vespasiani, Tac. H. 2, 96.—Hence, suppres-sus, a, um, P. a., held back, kept in, i. e.,

A. Short: mentum, Varr. R. R. 2, 9, 3.—

B. Of the voice, subdued, low: suppressā voce dicere (opp. magnā voce dicere), Cic. Sull. 10, 30: murmur, Val. Fl. 5, 470.— Comp.: erit ut voce sic etiam oratione suppressior, Cic. Or. 25, 85.—Hence, suppres-sē, adv.; in comp.: suppressius, in a subdued voice, Aug. Ord. 1, 23.