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τάξις, εως, Ion. ιος, ἡ, (τάσσω) arranging, arrangement:

I. in military sense:

1. drawing up in rank and file, order or disposition of an army, Th.5.68 (init.), 7.5, etc.; τὰ ἀμφὶ τάξεις rules for it, tactics, X.An.2.1.7; τ. καὶ ἀντίταξις Phld.Piet.12.

2. battle array, order of battle, κατὰ τάξιν Hdt.8.86; ἐν τάξει Th.4.72, etc.; ἐς τάξιν καθίστασθαι, ἀνάγειν, ib.93, Ar.Av.400 (anap.); ἵνα μὴ διασπασθείη ἡ τ. Th.5.70; of ships, ἀποπλῶσαι ἐκ τῆς τάξιος Hdt.6.14.

3. a single rank or line of soldiers, ἐπὶ τάξιας ὀλίγας γίγνεσθαι to be drawn up a few lines deep, ib.111, cf. 9.31; ἐλύθησαν αἱ τ. τῶν Περσῶν Pl.La.191c.

4. body of soldiers, A.Pers.298, S.OC1311; esp. at Athens, the quota of infantry furnished by each φυλή (cf. ταξίαρχος 11), Lys.16.16; but freq. of smaller bodies, company, X.An. 1.2.16, 6.5.11, etc.; ἱππέων τ. ib.1.8.21; so of ships, squadron, A.Pers.380: generally, band, company, φιλία γὰρ ἥδε τ., of the chorus, Id.Pr.128 (lyr.); ἐμφανίσας μοι ἐν ᾗ ἔσομαι τάξει PCair.Zen. 409.6 (iii B.C.).

b. esp. a contingent of 128 men, Ascl.Tact.2.8, Arr.Tact.10.2, Ael.Tact.9.3.

c. in late Gr., membership of the militia palatina (cf. ταξεώτης), Lib.Or.27.17.

5. post or place in the line of battle, ἀξιεύμεθα ταύτης τῆς τ. Hdt.9.26, cf. 27; ἐν τῇ τ. εἶχε ἑωυτόν Id.1.82; μένειν ἐν τῇ ἑωυτοῦ τ. Id.3.158; τ. φυλάξων E.Rh. 664; ἡ τ. φυλακτέα X.Cyr.5.3.43; ᾗ ἕκαστος τὴν τ. εἶχεν Id.An. 4.3.29; τῆς πρώτης τ. τεταγμένος Lys.14.11, cf. Th.5.68 (fin.); ἐκλιπόντας τὴν τ. Hdt.5.75, cf. 9.21; λείπειν τὴν τ. And.1.74, Pl.Ap. 29a, D.13.34, 15.32, Aeschin.3.159, etc.; παραχωρεῖν τῆς τάξεως D.3.36, etc.; but ἡγεμὼν ἔξω τάξεων officer on the unattached list, Arch.Pap.3.188, cf. Sammelb.599, OGI69 (Coptos); so οἱ ἔξω τάξεως staff-officers, aides-de-camp, D.S.19.22.

II. generally, arrangement, order, ἡμερῶν τ. εἰς μηνῶν περιόδους Pl.Lg.809d; ἡ τῶν ὅλων τ. X.Cyr.8.7.22; disposition, τῆς ψυχῆς Gorg.Hel.14: Rhet., disposition, opp. λέξις, Arist.Rh.1414a29; ἡ τ. τοῦ λόγου Aeschin.3.205, cf. D.18.2, Sor.1.18, Gal.Libr.Ord.1; ὕστερον τῇ τ. D.3.15, cf. Gal.6.68, 16.533; ἐν τ. εἶναι, = μένειν, Pl.Tht.153e; τ. καὶ ἠρεμία Arist.EE1218a23; εἰ τὰ γυμνάσια ἔχοι τὴν τ. ἐνταῦθα Id.Pol.1331a37; difft. from θέσις or mere position, Id.Ph.188a24, Thphr.Sens. 60 (θέσεως τ. Gal.6.194; τ. θέσεως is dub. l. in 16.709); ἡ κατὰ τ. τινὰ βασιλεία, opp. ἀόριστος τυραννίς, Arist.Rh.1366a2; καὶ τοῦτο κατὰ τ., ἕως ..and so on, until .., Sor.2.62.

2. order, regularity, εἰς τ. ἄγειν ἐκ τῆς ἀταξίας Pl.Ti.30a; τ. καὶ κόσμος Id.Grg.504a; οὔτε νόμος οὔτε τ. Id.Lg.875c, cf. R.587a; τ. περιόδου Epicur.Ep.2p.42U.; διὰ τάξεως γίγνεσθαι Pl.Lg.780a; τάξιν ἔχειν to be regular, Thphr. HP3.9.6; ἐν τάξει in an orderly manner, Pl.Lg.637e; so τάξει SIG741.12 (Nysa, i B.C., rendering of Lat. ordine).

3. ordinance, κατὰ τὴν τ. τοῦ νόμου Pl.Lg.925b; παρὰ τὴν τοῦ νομοθέτου τ. Id.Plt. 305c, etc.

b. prescription, τὴν τοῦ λυσιτελοῦντος τοῖς σώμασι ποιεῖσθαι τ. Id.Plt.294e; recipe, cj. in PHolm.2.2.

4. τ. τοῦ φόρου assessment of tribute, X.Ath.3.5, cf. IG12.63.2, al.; τῶν ὀφειλημάτων περὶ τῆς πράξεως ib.57.13, cf. Lex ap.D.24.45; τ. τῆς ὑδρείας a ration of water, Pl.Lg.844b.

5. political order, constitution, τ. Κρητική, Λακωνική, etc., Arist.Pol.1271b40, cf. Ath.3.1, al.

III. metaph. from 1.5, post, rank, position, station, ὑπὸ χθόνα τάξιν ἔχουσα A.Eu. 396 (lyr.); ἡ τῶν ἀκοντιζόντων τ. Antipho 3.2.7; ἰδία τοῦ βίου τ. Isoc. 6.2; ἀνὴρ τῆς πρώτης τ. CIG2767.4 (Aphrodisias); οἰκέτου τ. D.18.258, cf. PGnom.43, 196 (ii A.D.), Mitteis Chr.372 v 18 (ii A.D.); τ. ἔχοντος ἐν τῷ Μουσείῳ Sammelb.6674.10 (ii A.D.); ἐν τῇ Θετταλῶν τάξει ranging herself with the T., D.18.63; ἐν ἐχθροῦ τ. as an enemy, Id.20.81, etc.; ἐν ἐπηρείας τάξει by way of insult, Id.18.13; ἀδύνατον εἶχεν τ. occupied an impossible position, i.e. was unthinkable, Hyp.(?) Oxy.1607.60; τὴν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν ἑλόμενον τάξιν πολιτεύεσθαι championship of your cause, D.18.138, cf. Ep.3.15; ἐγὼ τὴν τῆς εὐνοίας τ... οὐκ ἔλιπον post of patriotism, Id.18.173.

IV. order, class of men, X.Mem. 2.1.7; function, D.13.19.

2. list, register, ὅπως ταγῇ αὐτοῦ τὸ ὄνομα ἐν τῇ τῶν τετελευτηκότων τ. Sammelb.7359.15, cf. 7404.6, PSI9.1064.38, 10.1141.10 (all ii A.D.); ἡ τ. τῶν κατοχίμων PTeb.318.21 (ii A.D.); τ. λαογράφων PLond.2.182b2 (ii A.D.).

3. account, ἰδίας τάξεως POxy.61.8 (iii A.D.), cf. PLond.3.1107.26,30 (iii A.D.).

4. payment, ib.966.3 (iv A.D., cf. Arch.Pap.4.533).

5. category of land, κατοικικὴ τ. BGU379.12 (i A.D.), cf. Wilcken Chr.341.15 (ii A.D.), etc.

V. reduction of hernia by manipulation, Gal.14.781.

VI. degree of heating power in drugs, Id.11.571,787, cf. Gorg.Hel. 14.

VII. treatise, ἐν τῇ ὑστέρᾳ τ. Ps.-Democr. ap. Zos.Alch.p.153 B.

VIII. fixed point of time, term, κατ' ἐνιαυτὸν ἢ κατά τινα ἄλλην τ. ἢ χρόνον Arist.Pol.1261a34; end (or perh. date fixed for the end), μέχρι τάξεως αὐτῆς τῆς τρύγης Sammelb.5810.15 (iv A.D.).