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ταξῐ́αρχ-ος, ὁ, commander of a corps or squadron, ταξίαρχοι ἀπὸ τῶν νεῶν Hdt.8.67; ταξίαρχοι τῶν τελέων Id.9.42; τ. καὶ πεζῶν καὶ ἱππέων X.Cyr.8.1.10; in the army of Alexander, Arr.An.3.9.6; in Ptolemaic Egypt, PMich.Zen.70.5 (iii B.C.); cf. ταξιάρχης.

2. commander of a τάξις (128 men), Ascl.Tact.2.8, Ael.Tact.9.3 (-άρχης Arr.Tact.10.2).

3. = Lat. centurio, Plb.6.24.1, al., Zos.3.11.

b. = tribunus militum, D.H.5.41, J.BJ3.5.2, Plu.Cam.37, App.BC5.61, Agath.2.20 (-άρχης Plu.Pomp.32, App.BC3.39).

c. = legatus legionis, anachronism in App.Sam.4.6 (-άρχαι codd.).

d. = ordinarius, Lyd.Mag.1.46, Gloss.; also glossed by manipularis and evocatus, ib.

II. at Athens, commander of a τάξις, or quota of infantry furnished by a φυλή, Ar.Ach.569 (lyr.), Pax 1172 (troch.), Av.353 (troch.), Th.4.4, 7.60, Arist.Ath.30.2, D.4.26, 54.5, Aeschin.3.169, IG22.334.13; [ὁ τ.] ἡγεῖται τῶν φυλετῶν καὶ λοχαγοὺς καθίστησιν Arist.Ath.61.3; applied to naval officers, X.HG1.6.29,35.