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τέμεν-ος, εος, τό, Arc. nom. and acc. sg. τέμενες IG5(2).432.31,42 (Megalop., ii B.C.); Aeol. gen. sg. τεμένηος Alc.152: (τέμνω):—
a piece of land cut off and assigned as an official domain, esp. to kings and chiefs, καὶ μέν οἱ [Βελλεροφόντῃ] Αύκιοι τ. τάμον ἔξοχον ἄλλων καλὸν φυταλιῆς καὶ ἀρούρης, ὄφρα νέμοιτο Il.6.194, cf. 20.184,391; τ. περικαλλὲς ..πεντηκοντόγυον 9.578, cf. 12.313; τ. βασιλήϊον 18.550; δμῶες Ὀδυσσῆος τ. μέγα κοπρίσσοντες Od.17.299, cf. 6.293: in pl., τεμένεα 11.185; τεμένη, μέρος τιμῆς Arist.Rh.1361a35.

II. a piece of land marked off from common uses and dedicated to a god, precinct, ἔνθα τέ οἱ τ. βωμός τε θυήεις Il.8.48, cf. 2.696, al., Pi.N.10.19, IG12.94.29, etc.; τὸ τ. τῶν ἡρῴων Test.Epict.2.13; in it stood the temple or shrine, Hdt.2.112, 155, 3.142; Πρωτεσίλεω τάφος τε καὶ τ. περὶ αὐτόν Id.9.116: hence the Pythian race-course is called a τέμενος, Pi.P.5.33; Syracuse is the τ. Ἄρεος ib.2.2; the sacred valley of the Nile is the Νείλοιο πῖον τ. Κρονίδα ib. 4.56; the lake formed by the Cephisus is the τ. Καφισίδος ib.12.27; the Acropolis is the ἱερὸν τ. (of Pallas), Ar.Lys.483 (lyr.): poet. also, τέμενος αἰθέρος A.Pers.365; ἀνέμων Philet.13; Μαραθὼν σῆς ἀρετῆς τ. IG14.1185 (Rome); τρόπαια στησάμενοι Διὸς ..τέμενος to be a grove of Zeus, Tim.Pers.211; of sacred grones, h.Ven.267.

III. temple, ἄγαμαι τοῦ τ. τῆς ὀροφῆς Chor.p.88 B., cf. p.116 B.