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τεκμαίρομαι, fut. τεκμᾰροῦμαι X.Cyr.4.3.21: aor. ἐτεκμηράμην Antipho 5.81, etc., Ep. τεκμ- Od.10.563: (τέκμαρ):—
assign, ordain, esp. of the gods, ἐπεὶ τάδε γ' ὧδε θεοὶ κακὰ τεκμήραντο Il.6.349; Κρονίδης ..κακὰ ..τεκμαίρεται ἀμφοτέροισιν 7.70; πόλεμον, δίκην τισὶ τ ... [Ζεύς], Hes.Op.229,239: generally, of any person in authority, appoint, πομπὴν δ' ἐς τόδ' ἐγὼ τεκμαίρομαι, ὄφρ' ἐὺ̈ εἰδῇς, αὔριον ἔς I am arranging your departure for to-morrow, Od.7.317; ἄλλην δ' ἧμιν ὁδὸν τεκμήρατο Κίρκη 10.563; ἐν οἷς ἂν (sc. τόποις) νομοφύλακες ..τεκμηράμενοι ἕδρας πρεπούσας, ὅρους θῶνται τῶν ὠνίων Pl.Lg.849e; with a notion of foretelling, τότε τοι τεκμαίρομ' ὄλεθρον Od.11.112: c. inf., settle with oneself, i.e. design, purpose to do, h.Ap.285, A.R.4.559.

II. after Hom. almost always, judge from signs and tokens, estimate, προσβάσεις πύργων E.Ph.180; κύματα, φύλλα, A.R.4.217: abs., form a judgement or conjecture, ὡς ἀνθρώποις τεκμαίρεσθαι (sc. δέδοται) Alcmaeon 1; τέτταρσιν ὀφθαλμοῖς X.Cyr. 4.3.21; λέγουσι περὶ αὐτοῦ τεκμαιρόμενοι by conjecture, Id.Mem.1.4.1.

2. the ground on which the judgment or conjecture is founded is commonly added in the dat., ἐμπύροις τεκμαίρεσθαι to judge by the burnt-offering, Pi.O.8.3; τεκμαίρομαι ἔργοισιν Ἡρακλέος Id.Fr.169.4; τ. τοῖσι νῦν ἔτι ἐοῦσι Πελασγῶν Hdt.1.57; τοῖσι ἐμφανέσι τὰ μὴ γινωσκόμενα τ. judge of the unknown by the known, Id.2.33, cf. 7.16.γ́; ἔργῳ κοὐ λόγῳ τ. A.Pr.338; τὰ καινὰ τοῖς πάλαι S. OT916; τοῖς παροῦσι τἀφανῆ E.Fr.574; τοὺς ..περιεσομένους τοῖς ξύμπασι σημείοισι by all the symptoms, Hp.Prog.24, cf. Acut.68; τὰ μέλλοντα τοῖς γεγενημένοις Isoc.4.141; κατὰ [τὴν αἴσθησιν] ..τὸ ἄδηλον τῷ λογισμῷ τ. Epicur.Ep.1p.6U.; περὶ τῶν μελλόντων τοῖς ἤδη γεγενημένοις Isoc.6.59; also τ. τὰ μελλοντ' ἐκ τῶν γεγενημένων Din.1.33, cf. X.Mem.4.1.2, Pl.Smp.204c, Gal.6.470; ἀφ' αὑτοῦ τὴν νόσον τ. Ar.V.76, cf. Th.4.123, X.Mem.3.5.6, Pl.Phd.108a, R.409a,501b; τ. ἀπὸ τούτων εἰς τὰ ἄλλα Id.Tht.206b; εἴ τι δεῖ τ. πρὸς τὸν ἄλλον αὐτοῦ τρόπον D.27.22; πόθεν τοῦτο τεκμαίρῃ; Pl.Cri.44a, cf. Phdr. 235c, R.433b: rarely c. gen., τ. κατηγορίας οὐ προγεγενημένης from the fact that .., Th.3.53; τ. τῷ πυρὶ τῆς ὁδοῦ judge of the road by the fire, App.BC5.87, cf. 45, Mith.5, Arat.1129,1154; τ. τοῦ δένδρου πρὸς τὴν ναῦν estimate the tree with reference to .., Philostr.Im.2.17, cf. VA1.22.

3. c. acc. et inf., τ. τοῦτο οὕτως ἕξειν ἐκ τοῦδε X.Cyr.8.1.28, cf. Pl.R.578c, Gal.6.588, PRyl.74.5 (ii A.D.); also folld. by a relat. Particle, τεκμαιρόμενος ὅτι ..taking as an indication the fact that .., Th.1.1, cf. X.Lac.8.2; ὡς μέγα ..τὴν Αἴτνην ὄρος εἶναί φασι, τεκμαίρου guess how great .., Pl.Com.37; τ. εἰ .. to be uncertain whether .., AP12.177 (Strat.).

4. recognize, ὄπα κούρης A.R.4.73; Ἀλέξανδρον APl.4.121.

III. put forth, stretch out, ὁλκόν, οὖρον (̂ ὅρον), D.P.101,135,178: abs., project, of teeth, Nic. Th.231.

B. Act. τεκμαίρω only in post-Hom. Poets, show by a sign or token, make proof of, τεκμαίρει χρῆμ' ἕκαστον circumstance proves the man, Pi.O.6.73; τεκμαίρει ..ἰδεῖν gives signs [for men] to see, Id.N.6.8; ἀλλά μοι ..τέκμηρον, ὅ τι μ' ἐπαμμένει παθεῖν A.Pr.605 (lyr.); κελεύθους indicate them, Nic.Th.680; τ. ἀοιδήν guide it .., Arat.18.