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τῑμ-ή, ἡ, (τίω, v. ad fin.).

I. worship, esteem, honour, and in pl. honours, such as are accorded to gods or to superiors, or bestowed (whether by gods or men) as a reward for services, τιμῆς ἔμμοροί εἰσι Od.8.480; ὄφρ' ἂν Ἀχαιοὶ υἱὸν ἐμὸν τίσωσιν ὀφέλλωσίν τέ ἑ τιμῇ Il.1.510; ἐκ δὲ Διὸς τιμὴ καὶ κῦδος ὀπηδεῖ 17.251; ἐν δὲ ἰῇ τ. ἠμὲν κακὸς ἠδὲ καὶ ἐσθλός 9.319, cf. 4.410; ἐν τ. σέβειν A.Pers.166 (troch.); ἐν τ. ἄγεσθαί τινας Hdt.1.134; ἐν τ. τίθεσθαι or ἄγειν τινά, Id.3.3, Pl.R.538e; ἐν τιμαῖς ἔχειν Philem.199; τιμαῖς αὐξήσας τινάς X.Cyr.8.8.24; τιμὴν νεῖμαι, ἀπονέμειν τινί, S.Ph.1062, Pl.Lg.837c; τοῖς φίλοις τιμὰς νέμειν pay due regard, S.Aj.1351; τιμὰς ὤπασας, πορών, A.Pr.30,946; διδόναι E.Hipp.1424, etc.; ἀποδοῦναι Pl.R.415c; τὸ πρᾶγμ' ἐμοὶ τιμὴν φέρει E.Hipp.329; τινὶ τιμὰς προσάπτειν S.El.356; ἀφύων τιμὴν περιάψας Ar.Ach.640 (anap.); τ. εὑρίσκεσθαι, δέκεσθαι, Pi.P.1.48, 8.5; τιμὴν παρ' ἀνθρώποις φέρεσθαι Ar.Av.1278; τιμὰς ἔχειν Hdt.2.46, etc.; πρός τινος Id.1.120; ἐν μεγάλῃτιμῇ εἶναι X.An.2.5.38; τιμῆς λαχεῖν, τυχεῖν, S.Ant.699, El.364 (v.l.); οἱ γεραίτεροι ταῖς τῶν νέων τιμαῖς ἀγάλλονται paid to them by the young, X.Mem.2.1.33: c. gen., χωρὶς ἡ τ. θεῶν the honour due to them, A.Ag.637, cf. Ch. 200; τιμὰς τὰς θεῶν πατεῖν S.Ant.745; τιμαὶ δαιμόνων E.Hipp.107: τιμῇ with honour, honourably, S.OC381 codd.; τιμῆς ἕνεκα as a mark of honour, X.An.7.3.28; τιμῇ προέξουσ' S.Ant.208.

2. honour, dignity, lordship, as the attribute of gods or kings, Il.1.278, 9.498, etc.; θεῶν ἒξ ἔμμορε τιμῆς Od.5.335; τ. βασιληί̈ς Il.6.193, cf. Hes.Th.393, Pi.P.4.108, A.Eu.228 (pl.); Περσονόμος τ. μεγάλη Id.Pers.919 (anap.); δίθρονος ..καὶ δίσκηπτρος τ. Id.Ag.44 (anap.): generally, like γέρας, prerogative or special attribute of a king, and in pl. his prerogatives, Od.1.117, Hes.Th.203, Thgn.374, S.OT909 (lyr.), etc.; βασιλικαὶ τ. imperial prerogatives, Hdn.7.10.5; σκῆπτρον τιμάς τ' ἀποσυλᾶται A.Pr.172 (anap.).

3. a dignity, office, magistracy, and in pl., civic honours (τιμὰς λέγομεν εἶναι τὰς ἀρχάς Arist.Pol. 1281a31), Hdt.1.59, etc.; ἔν τε ταῖς ἀρχαῖς καὶ ταῖς ἄλλαις τ. Pl.Ap. 35b, cf. Ti.20a, etc.; μὴ φεύγειν τοὺς πόνους, ἢ μηδὲ τὰς τ. διώκειν Th.2.63; τιμὴν ἔχειν X.Cyr.1.3.8, etc.; τὴν τιμὴν εἴληχε Pl.Phlb. 61c; οἱ ἐν τιμαῖς men in office, E.IA19 (anap.), cf. Isoc.9.81; ἐκβαλῶ σε ἐκ τῆς τιμῆς X.Cyr.1.3.9; τιμὰς ἴσχειν hold the office of τιμοῦχος (q.v.), Jahresh.12.136 (Erythrae, v/iv B.C.): generally, office, task, ἄχαρις τιμή Hdt.7.36:—
also,

b. a person in authority, an authority, κλῦτε δὲ Γᾶ (Ahrens for τὰ) χθονίων τε τιμαί A.Ch.399 (lyr.); καὶ τὰ καρτερώτατα τιμαῖς ὑπείκει yield to authorities, S.Aj. 670.

4. present of honour, compliment, offering, e.g. to the gods, Hes.Op.142, A.Pers.622; reward, present, ἢ ἀργύριον ἢ τιμή Pl.R. 347a; τιμαὶ καὶ δωρεαί ib.361c; ὅσοι ..ἄλλην τινὰ δωρεὰν ἢ τ. ἔχουσιν παρὰ τῶν Λεβεδίων SIG344.22 (Teos, iv B.C.); τῶν εὐεργεσιῶν τιμὰς φέρονται Pl.Phd.113e.

5. ἡ Δάου τ. 'the worthy D.', Herod. 5.68.

II. of things, worth, value, price, h.Cer.132, IG12.349.10, 15, al.; ἐξευρίσκοντες τιμῆς τὰ κάλλιστα at a price, Hdt.7.119; τῆς αὐτῆς τ. πωλεῖν Lys.22.12; πρίασθαι D.21.149; δεκαπλάσιον τῆς τ. ἀποτίνειν Pl.Lg.914c; ἀποδιδόναι τινὶ τὴν τ. ib.a; δύο εἰπεῖν τ. to name two prices, ib.917b; ἀξιοῦν τι τ. τινός ib.d; περὶ τῆς τ. διαφέρεσθαι Lys.22.15; ἐμοὶ δὲ τιμὰ τᾶσδε πᾷ γενήσεται; Ar.Ach.895; ἑστηκυῖαι τ. fixed prices, PTeb.703.176 (iii B.C.); ὑπὲρ τιμῆς πυροῦ payment of money representing the value of wheat, Ostr.663 (ii A.D.), al.

2. valuation, estimate, for purposes of assessment, τοῦ κλήρου Pl.Lg.744e: generally, ὁ πλοῦτος οἷον τιμή τις τῆς ἀξίας τῶν ἄλλων Arist.Rh.1391a1.

III. compensation, satisfaction, penalty, τιμὴν ἀρνύμενοι Μενελάῳ ..πρὸς Τρώων Il.1.159, cf. 5.552; ἀποτινέμεν, τίνειν τιμήν τινι, pay or make it, 3.286,288; τιμὴν ἄγειν Od.22.57; Πάτροκλον, ὃς κεῖται ἐμῆς ἕνεκ' ἐνθάδε τιμῆς Il.17.92, cf. Od.14.70,117; οὐ σὴ ..ἡ τ. the penalty is not yours, Pl.Grg.497b. (The spelling [τῑ- not τει- IG12.347.33, etc.] and the majority of the senses show that τιμή is cogn. with τίω 'value, honour'; sense 111 perh. arose from a later association with τίνω.)