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τόκος, ὁ, (τίκτω) childbirth, parturition, of women, Il.19.119, h.Cer. 101, IG42(1).121.15,17 (Epid., iv B. C.), Herophil. ap. Sor.2.53; of animals, Il.17.5; πλὴν ὅταν τ. παρῇ S.Fr.477; ποιεῖσθαι τὸν τ. Arist. HA542a25, etc.: pl., τόκοισί τε ἀγόνοις γυναικῶν S.OT26, cf. 173 (lyr.), E.Med.1031, etc.

b. the time of parturition, ὁ τ. τῆς γυναικός Hdt.1.111; period of gestation, ἐνιαύσιος ὁ τ. Arist. GA777b13.

c. ἡ φύσις τοῦ παιδίου τοῦ ἐν τόκῳ in the foetal stage, Hp.Nat.Puer.tit. (as cited in Mul.1.1).

II. offspring, of men or animals, πάντων Ἀργείων ἐρέων γενεήν τε τόκον τε Il.7.128, cf. 15.141; of an eagle, ἐλθὼν ἐξ ὄρεος, ὅθι οἱ γενεή τε τόκος τε Od.15.175; μήλων τ. E. Cyc.162; Οἰδίπον τ. his son, A.Th.372, cf. 407, etc. (but also, daughter, θεὰ γεγῶσα καὶ θεοῦ πατρὸς τ. E.Andr. [1254]); fry of fish, Arist. HA 543a4; litter of pigs, πασῶν τῶν συῶν ἀπὸ τόκου χοῖρον λαμβάνειν X. Lac.15.5.

2. metaph., produce of money lent, hence interest (cf. S.Fr.477 (punningly), Sophr. 35, Pl.R.555e, Arist.Pol.1258b5), Pi.O.10(11).9, etc.; τ. ἐπίτριτος, v. h. v.; τ. πεντώβολος interest at 5 obols per month on the mina, IG 11(2).146 B 17 (Delos, iv B. C.); τ. πεντεκαιδέκατος, i. e. 100/15 = 6 2/3 %, SIG672.23 (Delph., ii B. C.); sg. and pl., IG12.324.5, Ar.Nu.18,20, 34, etc.; τόκους ἀποδοῦναι ib.739, etc.; κομίζεσθαι Pl. l. c., PEnteux. 32.13 (iii B. C.); λαμβάνειν ἀπό τινος Is.8.35; ἀπολαμβάνειν Lys.17.3; δανείζειν ἐπὶ τόκῳ Pl.Lg.742c; ὀφείλειν ἐπὶ τόκῳ Isoc.17.7; τόκοι τόκων compound interest, Ar.Nu.1156; τόκος τόκου Thphr.Char.10.10; τῶν τόκων ἔχων τόκους Men.870:—
Ar. plays on the double meaning of the word, Th.843 sq.; so also Pl.R.507a, Plu.2.433e.

3. metaph., interest, [γῄδιον] ὅτι λάβοι σπέρμα ..δικαίως ἀπεδίδου αὐτό τε καὶ τόκον X.Cyr.8.3.38, cf. Philem.231, 88.10; οἱ δ' εἰς τὸ γῆρας ἀναβολὰς ποιούμενοι, οὗτοι προσαποτίνουσι τοῦ χρόνου τόκους Men.235.9; offspring, ἢ τίκτων λόγους ἢ τὸν ἑτέρων τόκον λαμβάνων Lib.Or.12.94; bringing forth, ib. 17.38.

4. oppression, as translation of Hebr. τ&#χ014δ;κη, LXX Ps.71 (72).14, Je.9.6.