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τράπεζ-α [τρᾰ], ης, ἡ, Dor. τράπεσδα Alcm.74b:—
table, esp. dining-table, eating-table, freq. in Hom., Τηλεμάχοιο τ., ἐμὴ τ., Od.17.333, 447, cf. IG12.330.4, Men.518.2; τ. παραθεῖναι Hdt.6.139, Alex.171; παρέκειτο τ. Il.24.476; τ. εἰσφέρειν, ἐπάγειν, Ar.V.1216, Anaxandr. 2 (but ἐσῄρετο is prob. cj.); ἡ τ. εἰσῄρετο Ar.Ra.518; τ. ἀφαιρεῖν Od. 19.61, X.Smp.2.1 (Pass.); αἴρειν Men.273, cf. 451; ἐκφέρειν Pl.Com. 69.2; ξενίη τ. the hospitable board, ἴστω Ζεύς ..ξενίη τε τ. Od.14.158, cf. 21.28; ᾔσχυνε ξενίαν τ. κλοπαῖσι A.Ag.401 (lyr.), cf. 701 (lyr.); ὅρκον μέγαν, ἅλας τε καὶ τράπεζαν Archil.96, cf. Wilcken Chr.11.58 (ii B. C.); ἡ ξενικὴ τ. Aeschin.3.224; τοὺς τῆς πόλεως ἅλας καὶ τὴν δημοσίαν τ. Id.2.22; δέξασθαι τραπέζῃ καὶ κοίτῃ entertain at bed and board, Hdt.5.20; κοίτης μεθέξουσα καὶ τραπέζης μόνον Plu.Brut.13; ἐπὶ τὰς αὐτὰς τ. ἰέναι Antipho 2.1.10; τράπεζαν Περσικὴν παρετίθετο he kept a table in the Persian fashion, Th.1.130; τ. κοσμεῖν X. Cyr.8.2.6, etc.; εἰς ἀλλοτρίαν τ. ἀποβλέπειν live at other men's table, at their expense, Id.An.7.2.33; τὴν τ. ἀνατρέπειν upset the table, D.19.198; prov. of a spendthrift, And.1.130; table dedicated to the gods, on which meats and offerings were set out, IG12.190.4, 840.19, 22.1245.6, 1534.163, 1933.2, Din.3.2; τ. ἱερά PCair.Zen.708 (iii B. C.); ἐπὶ τὴν τ. τῶν Διοσκόρων ib.569.24 (iii B. C.); τ. Κυρίου, τ. δαιμονίων, 1 Ep.Cor.10.21.

2. table, as implying what is upon it, meal, ἄνομος τ. Hdt.1.162, cf. E.Alc.2, X.An.7.3.22; also βορᾶς τ. S.OT1464; Συρακοσίων τ., prov. of luxurious living, Ar.Fr. 216, cf. Pl.R.404d; Σικελικαὶ τ. prov. ap. Jul. Or.6.203a; πολυτελὴς τ. Epicur.Ep.3p.64U.; δεύτεραι τ. the second course, Plu.2.133e, Ath.14.639b; cf. τράγημα.

II. money-changer's counter, ἐν ἀγορᾷ ἐπὶ τῶν τ. Pl.Ap.17c, cf. Plu.2.70f; αἱ τ. τῶν κολλυβιστῶν Ev.Matt.21.12; most freq. bank, Lys 9.5, etc.; ἡ ἐργασία ἡ τῆς τ. the right to operate the bank, D.36.6; ἡ ἐγγύη ἡ ἐπὶ τὴν τ. security given to the bank, Id.33.10; δοῦναι ἀργύριον ἐπὶ τ. Ev.Luc.19.23; τὸ ἐπὶ τὴν τ. χρέως D.33.24; οἱ ἐπὶ ταῖς τ. bankers, Isoc.17.2; κατασκευάζεσθαι τράπεζαν set up a bank, Is.Fr.66; τῆς τ. ἀνασκευασθείσης the bank having been broken, D.33.9; δημοσία τ. public bank at Delos, IG22.2336.180 (i B. C.); in Egypt, POxy. 835 (Aug.), etc.; βασιλικὴ τ. in Egypt, PEleph.27.22 (iii B. C.), PTeb.27.70 (ii B. C.), etc.; χειριστὴς τῆς ἐν τῇ Πολέμωνος μερίδι τ. PEnteux.38.1 (iii B. C.); opp. ἰδιωτικὴ τ. POxy.305 (i A. D.), etc.; κολλυβιστικαὶ τ. ib.1411.4 (iii A. D.).

III. any table or flat surface on which a thing rests: as,

1. cross bench in which the mast is fixed, Sch. Il.15.729; τ. δολωνική, v. δολωνικός.

2. platform on which slaves were exposed for sale, Ar.Fr.874.

3. tablet or slab with a relief or inscription, τ. χαλκῆ Orac. ap. D.21.53, cf. Paus.8.31.3; at a tomb, Plu.2.838c.

4. plinth of a statue, CIG4702.7 (Egypt, iv B. C.).

b. lamp-stand, PSI4.428.39 (iii B. C.).

5. nether millstone, BGU251.17 (i A. D.), Poll.7.19.

6. part of a torsion engine, prob. the plinth, Ph.Bel.54.2, HeroBel.100.1.

7. part of the liver, Nic.Th.560, Polyaen.4.20, Ruf.Onom.180.

8. shoulder-blade, Poll.2.177.

9. grinding surface of the teeth, ib.93, Ruf.Onom.54. (The word is shortd. from τετράπεζα; hence the question καὶ πόθεν ἐγὼ τρίπουν τ. λήψομαι; as if this were an absurdity, Ar.Fr.530; τ. τρισκελεῖς Cratin.301:—
so τρίπεζα, τρέπεδδα (qq. v.), of three-legged tables.)