Previous: τριηρημιολίαNext: τριηρικός


τρῐήρ-ης (sc. ναῦς), ἡ, gen. εος, Att. ους IG22.1629.615, Ion. ευς Hippon.49.2; acc. εα, Att. η IG22.1610.30, 1623.113, 1632.235,338 (but τριήρην ib.1628.35, 1629.862): nom. pl. εες, Att. εις; gen. τριήρων ib.1627.397, etc., Ion. τριηρέων Hdt.7.89; hence Choerob. in Theod.1.411 H. prescribes as the contr. form τριηρῶν, not τριήρων, as in codd. of Th.6.46, X.HG1.4.11, D.14.9, v. Hdn.Gr.1.428; Thom.Mag.p.356 R. prescribes sg. τριήρεος and pl. τριήρων ("τριήρεων ρὰρ ..λέγομεν"), citing Aristid.1.431 J.: gen. dual τριήροιν X. HG1.5.19:—
a trireme, i.e. prob. a galley with three men on each bench, each man rowing one oar, and three oars passing together through the παρεξειρεσία (cf. Tarn Hellenistic Military and Naval Developments, Cambridge 1930,pp.122 sqq.), Hdt.2.159, 7.36, Th.1. 13, 2.93, Arist.Mete.369b10, HA533b6, Rh.1411a23, IG22.1623.276, Gal.UP1.24, etc.; τ. ἱππηγοί IG22.1627.241.

2. metaph., a ship-shaped drinking-vessel, Antiph.224.4, Epin.2.8.

3. as Adj., = τριώροφος, οἰκίαι Aristid.Or.27(16).20.