Previous: τροφεύωNext: τρόφημα


τροφ-ή, ἡ, (τρέφω) nourishment, food, Hdt.3.48, S.Ph.32,953, Th.1.5, Ev.Matt. 3.4, Gal.6.35, Iamb.VP3.16, etc.; ἡ καθ' ἡμέραν ἀναγκαία τ. Th.1.2; the means of maintaining an army, provisions, forage, τροφὴν παρέχειν Id.8.57, cf. 6.93: pl., OGI56.70 (Canopus, iii B. C.), etc.

2. βίου τροφαί way of life, livelihood, living, S.OC338,446; τροφή alone, δουλίαν ἕξειν τροφήν Id.Aj.499, cf. OC362; φεῦ τῆς ἀνύμφου ..σῆς τροφῆς Id.El.1183; τὰς ἐκ γῆς τ. ηὕρετο Pl.Prt.322a: then, simply, mode of life, δίκην τίνουσαι τῆς προτέρας τ. Id.Phd.81d, cf. 84b; βώμιοι τ. E.Ion 52.

3. that which provides or procures sustenance, as the bow of Philoctetes, χερὶ πάλλων τὰν ἐμὰν μελέου τροφάν S.Ph.1126 (lyr.).

4. a meal, τροφαῖς τέτταρσιν ἐχρῶντο Philem.Gloss. ap. Ath. 1.11d.

II. nurture, rearing, παιδία ..τρέφειν ..τροφήν τινα τοιήνδε Hdt.2.2, cf. 3; χάριν τροφᾶς ἀμείβων v.l. in A.Ag.729 (lyr.); νέας τροφῆς στερηθείς S.Aj.511; μητρὸς τ. E.Ion 1377: freq. in pl., ἐν τροφαῖσιν while in the nursery, opp. ἐφηβήσας, A.Th.665; ἠνυτόμαν τροφαῖς Id.Ag.1159 (lyr.); ὦ δυσάθλιαι τ. S.OC330; αἱ ἐμαὶ τ. E.Tr.1187; τ. δημόσιαι Arist.Rh.1361a36; ἐκτίνων τροφάς, much like τροφεῖα, A.Th. 548; οἷς ὀδύνας ἀντὶ τροφῶν ἔλιπον IG12(5).973 (Tenos).

2. education, E.Hec.599 (pl.); τ. τε καὶ παιδεία Pl.Alc.1.122b, cf. Arist. EN1179b34, 1180a26, al.

3. rearing or keeping of animals, Hdt. 2.65; τροφαῖς ἵππων Pi.O.4.16.

III. sts. in Poets for the concrete θρέμμα, brood, νέα τ. a new generation, S.OT1, cf. A.Th. 786 (lyr.); of animals, ἀρνῶν τροφαί, i.e. young lambs, E.Cyc. 189.

IV. a place in which animals are reared, ἰβίων τροφαί PTeb. 5.70, cf. 62.19, al. (ii B. C.), PPetr.3p.221 (iii B. C.), etc.