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τροφός, ὁ and ἡ, (τρέφω) feeder, rearer, Hom. only in Od. and always fem. of a nurse, φίλη τ. Εὐρύκλεια 2.361, al., cf. Hdt.2.156,6.61, LXX Ge.35.8, PCair.Zen.292.157 (iii B. C.), Glotta 16.274 (Egypt), Sor.1.105, al., Gal.6.36, etc.; ἡ τ. βασιλέως Sammelb.4980 (i B. C.); of a mother, S.Aj.849.—
The masc. was usu. τροφεύς (q. v.); but τροφός as masc. occurs in E.HF45, El.409, Pl.Plt.268a, 268c.

2. metaph., of a city, Συράκοσαι, ἀνδρῶν ἵππων τε δαιμόνιαι τροφοί Pi.P. 2.2; Γῇ τε μητρί, φιλτάτῃ τροφῷ A.Th.16; αἵματ' ἐκποθένθ' ὑπὸ χθονὸς τροφοῦ Id.Ch.66 (lyr.), cf. S.OT1092 (lyr.), OC760; μήτηρ ἁπάντων γαῖα καὶ κοινὴ τ. Men.Mon.617; νὺξ ἄστρων τ. E.El.54; τὴν γεωργίαν τῶν ἄλλων τεχνῶν μητέρα καὶ τ. X.Oec.5.17, cf. Pl.Plt.267d; of Miletus, τ. τοῦ ..Ἀπόλλωνος SIG906A5 (iv A. D.).

3. in neut., τὸ τροφόν that which nourishes, Pl.Plt.289a.

4. τροφός, ἡ, name of a plaster, Orib.Fr.99.

II. Pass., nursling, τροφοί: ἀντὶ τοῦ θρέμματα (Meineke τροφαί), Hsch.