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turma, ae, f. [Sanscr. root tvar-, tur-, hasten; v. turba], a division of Roman cav alry, the tenth part of an ala, consisting at first of thirty, and afterwards of thirty-two men; a troop, squadron of horse.

I. Lit., Varr. L. L. 5, 16, 26; Veg. Mil. 2, 14; Fest p. 355; Caes. B. G. 4, 33; 6, 8; 7, 45; 7, 80, 7, 88; Hirt. B. G. 8, 19; Cic. Att. 5, 21, 10; id. Fam. 15, 4, 7; Hor. C. 2, 16, 22; id. Ep. 2, 1, 190 al.; cf. Becker, Antiq. 3, 2, p. 258 sq.—

II. Transf., in gen., a troop, crowd, throng, band, body: in turmā inauratarum equestrium (statuarum), Cic. Att. 6, 1, 17: immanis Titanum, Hor. C. 3, 4, 43: Iliae, id. C. S. 38: cristatae exercitus. Claud. III. Cons. Hon. 133; id. in Ruf. 2, 343: Alexan dri, Plin. 34, 8, 19, 64: feminea, Ov. P. 4, 10, 51: Gallica, i. e. of priests of Isis, id. Am. 2, 13, 18.