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ὕδωρ [ῠ, v. fin.], τό, gen. ὕδατος: an Ep. dat. ὕδει in Hes.Op.61, Thgn.961; later nom. ὕδος Call.Fr.475; Boeot. οὕδωρ prob. in IG7.3169 (Orchom.):—
water, of any kind, but in Hom. rarely of seawater without an epith., ἄνεμός τε καὶ ὕ. Od.3.300, 7.277; but ἁλμυρὸν ὕ. 9.227, al., cf. Th.4.26; of rivers, ὕ. Αἰσήποιο, Στυγός, Il.2.825, 8.369, al.; so in Lyr. and Trag., ὕ, Ἀσώπιον Pi.N. 3.3; ὕ. τὸ Νείλου A.Supp.561 (lyr.): freq. in pl. (but only once in Hom., ὕδατ' ἀενάοντα Od.13.109), Καφίσια ὕδατα the waters of Cephisus, Pi.O.14.1; ῥυτῶν ὑδάτων S.OC1599; ὕδασιν τοίς Ἀχελῴου Id.Fr.271 (anap.): spring-water, drinking-water, οἶνον ἔμισγον καὶ ὕ. Od.1.110; ἀφυσσάμεθ' ὕδωρ 9.85; ὕδατα καὶ ..δῖτοι Pl.R.404a; πότιμον ὕ. X.HG3.2.19; ὕ. πίνων a water-drinker, D.6.30, cf. 19.46, Ar.Eq.349; ὕ. δὲ πίνων οὐδὲν ἂν τέκοι σοφόν Cratin.199, cf. Aristopho 10.3, Bato 2.9, al.: ὕδωρ κατὰ χειρός water for washing the hands, v. χείρ; φέρτε χερσὶν ὕ. Il.9.171; ὕ. ἐπὶ χεῖρας ἔχευαν 3.270, Od.1.146, al.; λοέσσας ὕδατι λευκῷ Il.23.282:—
on γῆν καὶ ὕδωρ αἰτεῖν and διδόναι, v. γῆ 1.2b:—
a curse was invoked upon those who refused fire (i.e. the right to borrow burning embers) or water or to direct a traveller on his way, Diph.62, cf. X.Oec.2.15:—
prov., ὅρκους ἐγὼ γυναικὸς εἰς ὕ. γράφω S.Fr.811, cf. Men.Mon.25; ἐν ὕδατι γράφειν Pl.Phdr.276c; ὅταν τὸ ὕδωρ πνίγῃ, τί δεῖ ἐπιπίνειν; if water chokes, what more can be done ? of a desperate case, Arist.EN1146a35, cf. ἐπιρροφέω 1.

2. rain-water, rain, ὅτε λαβρότατον χέει ὕ. Ζεύς Il.16.385; ὗσαι ὕδατι λαβροτάτῳ Hdt.1.87; ἐγίνετο ὕ. ἄπλετον Id.8.12; πολύ Th.6.70, D.59.99; ὕ. ἐπιγενόμενον πολύ X.HG1.6.28; τὸ ὕ. τὸ γενόμενον τῆς νυκτός Th.2.5, cf. Hdt.8.13: more definitely, ὕδωρ ἐζ οὐρανοῦ X.An. 4.2.2, Aristid.Or.50(26).35 (but ἐζ οὐρανοῦ is a gloss in Th.2.77): pl., ὕ. ὄμβρια Pi.O.11(10).2; τὰ Διὸς, or παρὰ τοῦ Δ., ὕ. Pl.Lg.761a, 761b; τὸ ἐκ Διὸς ὕ. Thphr.HP2.6.5; καινὸν ἀεὶ τὸν Δία ὕειν ὕδωρ, ὕδωρ τὸν θεὸν ποιῆσαι, Ar.Nu.1280, V.261 (lyr.), cf. Thphr.Char.3.4: abs., ἐὰν πλείω ποιῇ ὕ. Id.CP1.19.3: κεραύνια ὕ. thunder-showers, Plu.2.664f; ὕ. πολλά, συνεχέα μαλθακῶς Hp.Epid.1.1.

3. for ἐν ὕδατι βρέχεσθαι, Hdt.3.104, v. βρέχω.

4. in the law-courts, τὸ ὕδωρ was the water of the water-clock (κλεψύδρ), and hence the time it took in running out, ἂν ἐγχωρῇ τὸ ὕδωρ D.44.45; οὐχ ἱκανόν μοι τὸὕ. Id.45.47; ἐν τῷ ἐμῷ ὕ., ἐπὶ τοῦ ἐμοῦ ὕ., in the time allowed me, Id.18.139, 57.61; οὐκ ἐνδέχεται πρὸς ταὐτὸ ὕ. εἰπεῖν one cannot say (all) in one speech, Id.27.12; τὸ ὕ. ἀναλῶσαι Din.2.6; πρὸς ὕ. σμικρὸν διδάζαι Pl.Tht.201b; ἐν μικρῷ μέρει τοῦ παντὸς ὕ. D.29.9; ἐπίλαβε τὸ ὕ. stop the water (which was done while the speech was interrupted by the calling of evidence and reading of documents), Id.45.8; ἐγχεῖται τὸ μὲν πρῶτον ὕ. τῷ κατηγόρῳ .., τὸ δὲ δεύτερον ὕ. τῷ φεύγοντι Aeschin.3.197; ἀποδιδόναι, παραδιδόναι τινὶ τὸ ὕ., to give him the turn of speaking, Id.1.162, Din.1.114.

5. generally, liquid, ὕδατος εἴδη τὰ τοιάδε: οἶνος, οὖρον, ὀρός Arist.Mete.382b13, cf. Hp.Cord.12.

II. part of the constellation Aquarius, Arat.399.

2. a name for the winter solstice, Paul.Al.A.4.

III. Ὕδατα, τά, as the name of places with hot or mineral waters, Ὕ. Σέζτια, Lat. Aquae Sextiae, Ὕ. Νεαπολιτανά, etc., Ptol.Geog.2.10.8, 3.3.7, etc. [ῠ by nature, ὕ̆δωρ Il. 18.347, al. (usu. with ὕ̆ when not at end of line), ὕ̆δατος 16.229, al., ὕ̆δατι Od.12.363, al., ὕ̆δατ' 13.109, and so always in Att. (exc. sts. in dactylic verse, Ar.Ra.1339); Hom. freq. has ὕ̄δωρ (always at end of line exc. in phrase Στυγὸς ὕδωρ Il.15.37), also ὕ̄δατος Il. 21.300,312, Od.5.475, ὕ̄δατι Il.23.282, Od.22.439; later Ep. admits ὕ̄δωρ more freely, A.R.4.601, so that we find ῡ in the second half of the foot in h.Cer.381, Batr.97, A.R.4.290, etc.; also in Alc.Supp.11.8.] (Cf. Skt. udán-, gen. udn-ás 'water', OE. woeter, O Norse vatn; I.-E. u(e)d- with suffix r alternating with n (ὕδ--τος): cogn. with Skt. u-ná-t-ti (root ud-), 3pl. u-n-d-ánti 'moisten', cf. Lat. unda.)