Previous: ὑπάτοποςNext: ὑπαττικός


ὕπᾰτος, η, ον, also ος, ον (v. infr. 111.1), highest, uppermost, in Hom. as epith. of Zeus, ὕπατε κρειόντων Od.1.45; θεῶν ὕπατος Il. 19.258, al.; θεοὶ ὕπατοι the gods above, opp. οἱ χθόνιοι, A.Ag.89 (anap.), cf. 55 (anap.); Ζεὺς ̔́Γ. at Athens, Paus.1.26.5, al., Orac. ap.D.21.52 (coupled with Ἀθηνᾶ Ὑ. Orac. ap. eund.43.66); ὕ. δῶμα Διός Pi.O.1.42; ὕ. τεθμός Id.N.10.32; ὑπάταν βασιληί̈δα τειμάν Hymn.Is.143.

2. simply of Place, ἐν πυρῇ ὑ. on the very top of the funeral pile, Il.23.165, 24.787; ὕ. ὄρος Epigr. ap. D.S.1.15.

b. lowest, κευθμοί A.R.3.1213.

c. furthest, κέρας ὠκεανοῖο Id.4.282.

3. of Time, last, νοῦσος AP7.233 (Apollonid.): but οὐχ ὕπατον, πύματον δέ Puchstein Epigr.Gr.p.76 (Memphis, i B. C.).

4. of Quality, highest, best, Pi.O.1.100; ὕ. πρὸς ἀρετάν most excellent, Id.P.6.42; ὕ. [μόρος] S.Ant.1332 (lyr.).

II. c. gen., ὕπατος χώρας Ζεύς supreme over the land, A.Ag.509; ὕπατοι λεχέων high above the nest, ib.50 (anap.); ὕ. τῶ σκάνεος ἅπαντος Ti.Locr.100a; σοφίας ὕπατος IG22.3632.7 (ii A. D.).

III. as Subst.,

1. ὕπατος, ὁ, = Lat. consul, Plb.6.12.1, al., D.H.4.76, 6.1,7.1, al., Mon. Anc.Gr.5.1; cf. στρατηγός 11.4:—
hence also, = ὑπατικός, τὰν ὑπάταν ἀρχάν Epigr. ap. Plu.Marc.30; but in this sense commonly with masc.termin., ὕπατον ἀρχὴν ἔχειν Plb.2.11.1 (pl.), cf. 3.40.9, Hdn.2.6.6; ὕπατος τιμή J.BJ7.4.2.

2. ἡ ὑπάτη, v. sub voce.—
For the form, cf. μέσατος, νέατος, μύχατος, etc.