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ὕπνος, ὁ, sleep, slumber, Od.11.245, al. (v. infr.); of the sleep of death, κοιμήσατο χάλκεον ὕ. Il.11.241; Κάλχανθ' ὕ. θανάτοιο κάλυψεν Hes.Fr.160 codd.Str.; ὕπνῳ καὶ καμάτῳ ἀρημένος Od.6.2, cf. 12.281; τάπητες μαλακώτεροι ὕπνω Theoc.15.125, cf. 5.51.—
Special phrases:

I. of going to sleep, μιν ἐπήλυθε ..ὕ. Od. 4.793; ἐπὶ ..ὕ. ὄρουσεν Il.23.232; ἱκάνει 1.610; ἔχει 10.4, etc.; τὸν ὕ. ἔμαρπτε 23.62, al.; ᾕρει 24.4, al.; λαμβάνει S.Ph.767; opp. ὕπνος ἀνῆκέ τινα Il.2.71, Od.19.551, Pl.Prt.310d: of persons, ὕπνον ἀωτεῖν Il.10.159, etc.; ὕπνου δῶρον ἕλοντο Od.16.481, etc.; λαβεῖν Pl.Smp.223b; κοιμᾶσθαι X.Hier.6.7; ἡδὺν ὕπνον καθεύδειν Men.Kith.Fr.1.5; ὕπνου τυχεῖν Ar.Ach.713; μικρὸν ὕπνου λαχών X. An.3.1.11; ὕπνου λαχεῖν μέρος Cratin.218; ἐν ὕπνῳ or ὕπνῳ πεσεῖν to fall a-sleep, Pi.I.4(3).23(41), A.Eu.68; εἰς ὕπνον πεσεῖν S.Ph.826; οὐχ ὕπνῳ γ' ἐνδόντα (so Badham for εὕδοντά) μ' ἐξεγείρετε Id.OT65; also ὕπνῳ δεδμημένος, δαμείς, Il.10.2, 14.353, etc.; νικώμενος, κρατηθεῖσ', A.Ag.290, Eu.148 (lyr.); κάτοχος S.Tr.978 (lyr.); σκεδάσαι ..ἀπὸ βλεφάρων ὕπνον ib.991 (lyr.).

2. of waking from sleep, ἐγεῖραί τινα ἐξ ὕπνου Od.15.44, etc.: of the sleeper, ἀνόρουσε, ἔγρετο, ἐξ ὕ. Il. 10.162, 2.41; ἐξ ὕ. στῆναι S.Ph.277; ἀπολακτίσασ' ὕπνον A.Eu.141; ἀποσείσασθαι Luc. Tim.6.

3. with Preps., when the pl. also is not uncommon, ἐν ὕπνῳ in sleep, in a dream, E.IT44, Pl.R.476c; ἐν τοῖς ὕ. ib.572b, Sph.266b, Isoc.9.21, PCair.Zen.34.5 (iii B.C.); καθ' ὕπνον ὄντα S.Tr.970 (lyr.), cf. Pl.Lg.800a; καθ' ὕπνον, κατὰ τοὺς ὕπνους, Plu.2.717e,555b, Alex.50; περὶ πρῶτον ὕ. about one's first sleep, Ar.V.31, Th.2.2; περὶ πρώτους ὕ. Eub.13; ἀπὸ πρώτου ὕ. Th.7.43; διὰ μέσων τῶν ὕ. Plu.Them.28; ἐκ τῶν ὕ. ἐγείρεσθαι Pl.R.330e: pl., dreams, ὕ. ἀγένητοι Phld.D.1.22.

II. Sleep, as a god, twinbrother of Death, Il.14.231, 16.672,682; acc. to Hes.Th.212, son of Night without father. [ῠ by nature, A. Th.3, Ag.14,912, etc.; ῡ by position in Ep., etc.] (Cf. Skt. svápati 'sleep', Subst. svápnas 'sleep, dream'; Lat. somnus, sopor, etc.)