Previous: ὑβριστήρNext: ὑβριστικός


ὑβρ-ιστής, οῦ, ὁ, violent, wanton, licentious, insolent man, ὑβριστῇσι ..τῶν μένος αἰὲν ἀτάσθαλον, οὐδὲ δύνανται φυλόπιδος κορέσασθαι Il.13.633; ὑβρισταί τε καὶ ἄγριοι οὐδὲ δίκαιοι ἠὲ φιλόξεινοι Od.6.120,9.175, 13.201; of the suitors (cf. ὕβρις 1.1), ὑ. καὶ ἀτάσθαλοι 24.282; στρατὸν ὑβριστὴν Μήδων Thgn.775; Πέρσαι φύσιν ἐόντες ὑ. Hdt.1.89; ἀνδρῶν δυναστέων παῖδες ὑβρισταί Id.2.32; στρατὸν θηρῶν ὑ., of the Centaurs, S.Tr.1096: also in Prose, And.4.14, Lys.24.15, Ep.Rom.1.30, etc.; in a milder sense, sarcastic, Pl.Prt.355c.

2. esp., opp. σώφρων, lustful, lewd, Ar.Nu.1068 (anap.), X.Cyr.3.1.21, etc.; ὁ εἰς ὁτιοῦν ὑ. Aeschin.1.17; ὑ. πενίης insolent towards .., AP9.172b (Pall.).

3. of animals, wanton, restive, unruly, ταῦροι E.Ba. 743; ἵπποι X.Cyr.7.5.62, cf. Pl.Phdr.254c.

4. of natural forces, ὑβριστὴς Τυφάων Hes.Th.307; Ὑβριστὴν ποταμὸν οὐ ψευδώνυμον A.Pr. 717.

5. of things, ὑ. οἶνος διὰ νεότητα Ael.Ep.8; μέλι Ἀττικὸν ποιεῖ ὑ. [τὸν πλακοῦντα] makes it proud, Archestr.Fr.62.18; νάρθηκας ὑ., of the Bacchae, E.Ba.113 (lyr.).—
Cf. ὕβριστος fin.