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ὑπόδημ-α, ατος, τό, (ὑποδέω) sole bound under the foot with straps, sandal, ποσὶν ..ὑποδήματα δοῦσα Od.15.369; ποσὶν ..ὑποδήματα δοίην 18.361, cf. Hdt.1.195, etc.; ποδὸς ὑ. Pl.Alc.1.128a, etc.; whereas ὑπόδημα κοῖλον is a shoe or half-boot, which covered the whole foot (v. κοῖλος 1.1); ὑπόδημα is sts. used alone in this sense, cf. Ar.Pl. 983 (and Sch. ad loc.), Arist.Rh.1392a32; εἰς ὑποδήματα γράφειν put down as paid for shoes, Lys.32.20 (Pass.); δεξιὸν εἰς ὑ., ἀριστερὸν εἰς ποδάνιπτρα, of one who is ready for anything, perh. alluding to Theramenes (v. κόθορνος 3), Ar.Fr.914 (perh. Ar.Byz., cf. Did. and Polem.Hist. (Fr.101 M.) ap. Hellad. ap. Phot.Bibl.p.533 B.); similar words are ascribed to Pythag. by Iamb.Protr.21.ιά (where ὑπόδησις is used); τὸ ὑ. ἔρραψας μὲν σύ, ὑπεδήσατο δὲ Ἀρισταγόρης Hdt.6.1, cf. Lib.Ep.52; ὁ σπάρτος, ἐξ οὗ πλέκουσιν ὑποδήματα τοῖς ὑποζυγίοις Gal. 6.502.