Previous: ὑπομενητόςNext: ὑπομερισμός


ὑπομένω, fut. -μενῶ cj. in Epicur.Ep.1p.7U.:—
stay behind, Od.10.232, 258, Th.5.14, Lys.13.12, etc.; ἐν Σπάρτῃ Hdt.6.51, 7.209; ὑπομεινον ἕως ἂν παραγένηται PSI4.322.4 (iii B. C.): also, remain alive, Hdt.4.149: of things, to be left behind, remain, ὑπέμεινε τὸ παχύτερον Gal.7.664, cf. Sor.1.88, al.: generally, to be permanent, Arist.Cat. 5a28.

II. trans.,

1. c. acc. pers., abide or await another, διὰ τοῦτό σε οὐχ ὑπέμενον X.An.4.1.21; esp. await his attack, bide the onset, Il.14.488, 16.814, al., Hdt.3.9, 4.3, al., App.BC5.81; ὑ. τὰς Σειρῆνας abide their presence, X.Mem.2.6.31; of evils, κακῶν ὅσα ἡμᾶς ἐν ὑστέρῳ χρόνῳ ὑ. Pl.Phdr.250c, cf. Plb.1.81.3.

2. c. acc. rei, to be patient under, abide patiently, submit to any evil that threatens one, δουλείαν Th.1.8; πόνον X.Mem.2.1.3; ἀλγηδόνα Pl. Grg.478c; αἰσχρόν τι Id.Ap.28c, cf. Ti.49e; δούλειον ζυγόν Id.Lg. 770e; τοὺς ἄλλους λόγους Isoc.8.65; face, τὴν μέλλουσαν δουληί̈ην Hdt. 6.12; τὸ ἀγώνισμα τόλμης δεῖται τὸν κίνδυνον ὑπομεῖναι Gorg.8, cf. Isoc. 6.70; ἀπειλάς D.21.3; face up to, λόγον Pl.Hp.Ma.298d; οὐχὑπέμειναν τὰς δωρεάς they could not abide the gifts, i. e. scorned to accept them, Isoc.4.94; ὑ. τὴν κρίσιν await one's trial, Aeschin.2.6, cf. And.1.121, Lys.20.6: generally, wait for, τὴν ἑορτήν Th.5.50; μακρὸν οὐχ ὑπέμεινεν ὄλβον could not endure his great bliss, i. e. it turned his head, Pi.P.2.26.

3. abs., stand one's ground, stand firm, Il.5.498, 15.312, Hdt.6.96; ἐς ἀλκὴν ὑ. Th.3.108; ἐς χεῖρας Id.5.72; ἀνδρικῶς ὑ. Pl.Tht.177b; ὑπομένων καρτερεῖν endure patiently, Id.Grg.507b; ὑ. καὶ καρτερεῖν Id.La.193a.

4. c. inf., submit, bear, or dare to do a thing, wait to do, οὐδ' ὑπέμεινε γνώμεναι he did not wait for us to know him, Od.1.410; ὑ. πονεῖν he submitted to toil, X.Mem.2.2.5, cf. 2.7.11, Pl.Lg.869c, D.18.204, PCair.Zen.8.22 (iii B. C.), Phld.Ir. p.46 W., etc.; ἀξιωθεὶς ὑπέμεινε γυμνασιαρχῆσαι IG12(3).331.16 (Thera, iii/ii B. C.).

5. with part. relating to the subject, εἰ ὑπομενέουσι χεῖρας ἐμοὶ ἀνταειρόμενοι if they shall dare to lift hand against me, Hdt.7.101, cf. 209; ὑπομένεις με κηδεύων you persist in .., S.OT 1323 (lyr.); οὐχ ὑπομένει ὠφελούμενος he submits not to be helped, Pl.Grg.505c; πολύποδες ὑ. τεμνόμενοι Arist.HA534b28.

6. with part. relating to the object, ὑ. Ξέρξην ἐπιόντα await his coming, Hdt. 7.120, cf. Pl.Phd.104c, Mx.241a; οὐ ..γὰρ ἀπ' αὐτοῦ χωριζόμενον τὸ βρέφος ὑπέμενεν (sc. τὸ θηρίον) it (the elephant) could not bear the infant's being removed, Phylarch.36 J.: c. gen. part., φιλοῦντος ὑ. submit to his kissing, Ael.VH12.1.

7. in App.BC5.54, ὑ. τῇ Ἀντωνίου γνώμῃ is prob. f. l. for ἐπιμεμενηκώς.

8. promise, c. fut. inf., Iamb.VP8.36.

9. admit of, like δέχομαι 111.3, D.H.Isoc.2; φοινίκων βάλανοι αἱ κατὰ τὴν Ἀλεξάνδρειαν ..οὐδὲ τὴν ἀπόθεσιν ὑπομένουσιν Gal.Vict.Att.12.

10. τὴν ναυτίαν οὐχ ὑπομένουσιν do not suffer from seasickness, Sor.1.49; ἀλλοκότους φαντασίας τῆς ψυχῆς ὑπομενούσης experiencing, ib.39, cf. 31, al.; ὅταν ἔμφραξιν ὑπομένῃ ὁ πόρος χωρὶς αἰτίας undergoes obstruction, Aët.7.50.