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vĕto, ŭi, ĭtum, 1 (old form vŏto: votes, Plaut. Trin. 2, 4, 56: votitus, id. As. 4, 1, 44; cf. Non. 45, 4; perf. (poet. and late Lat.) vetavit, Pers. 5, 90: vetati sunt, Vulg. Act. 16, 6), v. a. [etym. dub.], not to suffer a thing to take place, not to permit, to advise against, oppose, forbid, prohibit a thing; and, with a personal object, not to permit one to do a thing, to prevent or hinder him from doing it, not to grant, to forbid him a thing, etc. (syn.: interdico, inhibeo); constr. most freq. with acc. and inf., less freq. with the simple inf., the simple acc., with ut, ne, or the simple subj., or absol.

I. In gen.

a. With acc. and inf.: lex peregrinum vetat in murum ascendere, Cic. de Or. 2, 24, 100; cf.: quae (lex naturae) vetat ullam rem esse cujusquam, nisi ejus, qui tractare et uti sciat, id. Rep. 1, 17, 27: ab opere legatos Caesar discedere vetuerat, Caes. B. G. 2, 20: rationes a te collectae vetabant, me rei publicae penitus diffidere, Cic. Fam. 5, 13, 3: ridentem dicere verum Quid vetat? Hor. S. 1, 1, 25: non me ulla vetabunt Frigora Parthenios canibus circumdare saltus, Verg. E. 10, 56: hos vetuit me numerare timor, Prop. 2, 29 (3, 27), 4; 2, 32 (3, 30), 8: cum leges duo ex unā familiā non solum magistratus creari vetarent, sed, etc., Caes. B. G. 7, 33: castra ... vallo muniri vetuit, id. B. C. 1, 41: quae (lex) de capite civis Romani nisi comitiis centuriatis statui vetaret, Cic. Rep. 2, 36, 61.—Pass.: cum equites Romani flere pro me edictis vetarentur, Cic. Red. Quir. 5, 13: sterni vetabere terrā, Luc. 4, 647: Nolani muros portasque adire vetiti, Liv. 23, 16, 9: redemptoribus vetitis frumentum parare, id. 34, 9, 12: ut a praefecto morum Hasdrubal cum eo vetaretur esse, Nep. Ham. 3, 2; Luc. 6, 470; 7, 371.—

b. With ut, ne, or the simple subj. (poet.): sive jubebat, Ut faceret quid, Sive vetabat, Hor. S. 1, 4, 124: edicto vetuit, ne quis se praeter Apellen Pingeret, id. Ep. 2, 1, 239; id. S. 2, 3, 187: vetabo, qui Cereris sacrum Vulgarit arcanae, sub isdem Sit trabibus, id. C. 3, 2, 26; Tib. 2, 6, 36.—

c. With quin (ante- and postclass. and rare): nemo hinc prohibet nec votat, Quin quod palam'st venale, emas, Plaut. Curc. 1, 1, 33; Sen. Contr. 1, praef. 17.—

d. With quominus (rare): at haec (sapientiā) nullā re, quo minus se exerceat, vetari potest, Sen. Ep. 95, 8.—

e. With inf. (poet.): tabulae peccare vetantes, Hor. Ep. 2, 1, 23: nec laevus vetet ire picus, id. C. 3, 27, 15: unde proferre pedem pudor vetet, id. A. P. 135; cf. id. C. 1, 6, 10; Mart. 6, 91, 1: quid vetat? with a foll. inf., Hor. S. 1, 10, 56; Ov. Am. 3, 7, 35; id. F. 1, 295.—Impers.: ait esse vetitum intro ad eram accedere, Ter. Phorm. 5, 6 (7), 24.—

f. With acc.

(a). Of the thing: quia bella vetabat, Verg. A. 2, 84: nec majora veto, Ov. F. 2, 541: quid jubeatve vetetve, id. M. 11, 493: iter mediis natura vetabat Syrtibus, Luc. 9, 301: tristia damna vetabo, Stat. S. 3, 1, 173: Val. Fl. 8, 304: solem vetuit Delia tardior, Sen. Herc. Oet. 150: quercus Phoebum vetat, keeps off, id. ib. 1624.—Pass.: fossam praeduxit, quā incerta Oceani vetarentur, Tac. A. 11, 20: (ludere) vetitā legibus aleā, Hor. C. 3, 24, 58: vetiti hymenaei, Verg. A. 6, 623: vetitae terrae, Ov. Tr. 1, 4, 21: factum vetitum, Plin. Ep. 4, 9, 17: vetito ponto, Sen. Herc. Oet. 1585.—

(b). Of the person: cum Graecos facerem Versiculos, vetuit me tali voce Quirinus, etc., Hor. S. 1, 10, 32: quos vetat igne Creon, keeps off, Stat. Th. 12, 558.—Pass.: acta agimus: quod vetamur vetere proverbio, Cic. Lael. 22, 85; cf.: vetustissimi mortalium nihil per metum vetabantur, Tac. A. 3, 26: propter eandem causam facere debebimus, propter quam vetamur, Quint. 4, 1, 65: quippe vetor fatis, Verg. A. 1, 39: mathematici, genus hominum, quod in civitate nostrā et vetabitur semper et retinebitur, Tac. H. 1, 22.—

g. Absol.: lex omnis aut jubet aut vetat, Quint. 7, 5, 5: optat supremo collocare Sisyphus In monte saxum; sed vetant leges Jovis, Hor. Epod. 17, 69: res ipsa vetat, Ov. M. 10, 354: a patria pelago vela vetante datis, id. H. 13, 128; 13, 131.—

II. In partic.: veto, I forbid it, I protest; the word with which the tribunes of the people declared their protest against any measure of the Senate or of the magistrates, Liv. 3, 13, 6; 6, 35, 9; Suet. Tib. 2 fin.: ut vim fieri vetarent, Gell. 13, 12, 9.—Of the protest of the praetor against any unlawful measure, Cic. Caecin. 13, 36; Dig. 42, 1, 14. —And in the lang. of augury: vetat haruspex, Ter. Phorm. 4, 4, 28: volucres, Cic. Div. 2, 38, 80: si vetet auspicium, Ov. F. 6, 764.—Hence, vĕtĭtum, i, n.

A. That which is forbidden or prohibited, a forbidden or prohibited thing: nitimur in vetitum semper cupimusque negata, Ov. Am. 3, 4, 17: sed jam de vetito quisque parabat opes, id. F. 5, 282: venerem In vetitis numerant, id. M. 10, 435: crebrescit occultis primum sermonibus, ut vetita solent, Tac. A. 2, 39: agebat quaedam vetita legibus, Amm. 28, 6, 3.—

B. A prohibition, protest: jussa ac vetita populorum, Cic. Leg. 2, 4, 9; 3, 3, 10: quae contra vetitum discordia? Verg. A. 10, 9; Suet. Caes. 43.