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volvo, volvi, vŏlūtum, 3 (inf. pass. volvier, Lucr. 5, 714), v. a. [Sanscr. varas, circumference; Gr. ἐλύω, to wrap; root fελ-], to roll, turn about, turn round, tumble any thing.

I. Lit.

A. In gen.: (amnis) volvit sub undis Grandia saxa, Lucr. 1, 288; Verg. A. 11, 529; Ov. Ib. 173: flumen lapides volvens, Hor. C. 3, 29, 38: beluas cum fluctibus (procellae), Plin. 9, 3, 2, 5: vortices (flumen), Hor. C. 2, 9, 22: fumum caligine (ventus), Lucr. 6, 691: oculos huc illuc, Verg. A. 4, 363: oculos per singula, id. ib. 8, 618: filum, Varr. L. L. 5, 114 Müll. volvendi sunt libri, to unroll, i. e. open, Cic. Brut. 87, 298: Tyrrhena carmina retro, Lucr. 6, 381 (hence, volumen, in the signif. of roll, book, volume, v. h. v. I.): semineces volvit multos, rolls in the dust, fells to the ground, Verg. A. 12, 329 et saep.—

B. In partic.

1. To roll up or together, form by rolling: pilas, Plin. 30, 11, 30, 99; cf.: qui terga dederant, conversi in hostem volventesque orbem, etc., forming a circle, Liv. 22, 29, 5: jam orbem volventes suos increpans, id. 4, 28, 3.—

2. To breathe, exhale, etc. (poet.): vitalis aëris auras Volvere in ore, Lucr. 6, 1225: (equus) Collectumque fremens volvit sub naribus ignem, Verg. G. 3, 85.—

3. Mid., to turn or roll itself round about, to turn or roll along: nobis caenum teterrima quom sit Spurcities, eadem subus haec jucunda videtur, Insatiabiliter toti ut volvantur ibidem, Lucr. 6, 978: ille (anguis) inter vestes et levia pectora lapsus Volvitur, Verg. A. 7, 349: cylindrum volvi et versari turbinem putant, Cic. Fat. 18, 42: illi qui volvuntur stellarum cursus sempiterni, id. Rep. 6, 17, 17: excussus curru moribundus volvitur arvis, rolls, Verg. A. 10, 590: volvi humi, id. ib. 11, 640: volvitur Euryalus leto, id. ib. 9, 433: lacrimae volvuntur inanes, roll, flow, id. ib. 4, 449.— Part.: volventia plaustra, Verg. G. 1, 163.—

II. Trop., to roll, roll along, roll off or onwards, etc.

A. In gen.: volvere curarum tristes in pectore fluctus, Lucr. 6, 34: magnos fluctus irarum, id. 6, 74: ingentes iras in pectore, Liv. 35, 18, 6: tot volvere casus Insignem pietate virum, i. e. to undergo so many misfortunes, Verg. A. 1, 9; cf.: satis diu saxum hoc volvo, Ter. Eun. 5, 9 (8), 55: (lunam) celerem pronos Volvere menses, in rolling on, Hor. C. 4, 6, 40; cf.: volvendis mensibus, Verg. A. 1, 269: has omnis (animas) ubi mille rotam volvere per annos, i. e. completed the cycle, id. ib. 6, 748; and neutr.: volventibus annis, with revolving years, after the lapse of years, id. ib. 1, 234; cf.: volventia lustra, Lucr. 5, 928: volvens annus, Ov. M. 5, 565: sic fata deum rex Sortitur volvitque vices, fixes the series of revolving events, Verg. A. 3, 376; cf.: sic volvere Parcas, id. ib. 1, 22: M. Pontidius celeriter sane verba volvens, rolling off, Cic. Brut. 70, 246: sententias facile verbis, id. ib. 81, 280 longissima est complexio verborum, quae volvi uno spiritu potest, id. de Or. 3, 47, 182: ne verba traic amus aperte, quo melius aut cadat aut volvatur oratio, be rounded, form periods, id. Or. 69, 229.—

B. In partic., to turn over or revolve in the mind; to ponder, meditate, or reflect upon, consider (cf. verso): multa cum animo suo volvebat, Sall. J. 6, 2; 108, 3: multa secum, id. C. 32, 1; id. J. 113, 1; Liv. 26, 7, 3: immensa omnia animo, id. 2, 49, 5; Tac. H. 1, 30; Suet. Vesp. 5: bellum in animo, Liv. 42, 5, 1: in pectore, id. 35, 18, 6: has inanium rerum inanes ipsas volventes cogitationes, id. 6, 28, 7; 34, 60, 2; 32, 20, 2; Curt. 10, 5, 15: incerta consilia, id. 10, 8, 7; 5, 9, 3: bellum adversus nos, Tac. A. 3, 38: Fauni sub pectore sortem, Verg. A. 7, 254: haec illis volventibus tandem vicit fortuna reipublicae, Sall. C. 41, 3: subinde hoc in animo volve, Sen. Ep. 13, 13: secretas cogitationes intra se, Curt. 10, 8, 9: adeo ut plerumque intra me ipsum volvam, Tac. A. 14, 53: regna tecum volvis, Val. Max. 7, 2, ext. 1: mente aliquid, Lact. Epit. 60, 13.