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ὠθ-έω, Att. impf. ἐώθουν Ar.Pax637 (troch.), D.9.65, (ἐξ-) Th. 7.52, etc., and ἐώθει even in h.Merc.305; Ion. and Ep. 3sg. ὤθει Il.21.241; Ion. ὤθεσκε Od.11.596: but ὤθει E.IT1395 is f.l. for ὠθεῖ (Kirchhoff): fut. ὠθήσω Id.Cyc.592, Ar.Ec.300 (lyr.), (ἐξ-) S.Aj.1248; but ὤσω E.Med.379, Andr.344, and always in Prose; ἀπ-ώσω Od.15.280, Ep. inf. ἀπ-ωσέμεν Il.13.367: Att. aor. ἔωσα Pl.Ti.60c, etc., (ἐξ-) S.OC1296, 1330, etc.; Ion. and Ep. ὦσα Il.1.220, Hdt.7.167, Ep. ὤσασκε Od.11.599; but ἔωσα Il.16.410, (ἀπ-) Od.9.81; later ὤθησα Ael.NA13.17, etc.: pf. ἔωκα (ἐξ-) Plu.2.48c: plpf. ἐώκει (ἐξ-) Id.Brut.42:—
Med., fut. ὤσομαι (ἀπ-) S.El.944, etc., (δι-) A.Fr.199.9, etc.:—
Att. aor. ἐωσάυην Th.4.43, Ar.V.1085 (troch., with vv. ll.); Ion. and Ep. ὠσάμην Il.16.592, Hdt.9.25, v.l. in Ar.V.l.c.:—
Pass., fut. ὠσθήσομαι E.Med.335 (v.l. ὠθήσομαι), (ἐξ-) D.24.61: Att. aor. ἐώσθην (ἐξ-) X.HG2.4.34, etc.; later ὤσθην (ἐξ-) Arr.An.4.25.3, Plot.4.4.45: Att. pf. ἔωσμαι X.Cyr.7.1.36, (ἀπ-, περι-) Th.2.39, 3.57; Ion. part. ἀπωσμένος Hdt.5.69:—
thrust, push,

I. mostly of human force, as of Sisyphus, σκηριπτόμενος χερσίν τε ποσίν τε λᾶαν ἄνω ὤθεσκε ποτὶ λόφον he kept pushing it .., Od.11.596, cf. 599; ἀπὸ εἷο τράπεζαν ὦσε ποδὶ πλήξας 22.20; [ἔγχος] ὑπὲκ δίφροιο pushed it away from .., Il.5.854; ἂψ ἐς κουλεὸν ὦσε ξίφος 1.220; τοῖσι δ' ἀπ' ὀφθαλμῶν νέφος ἀχλύος ὦσεν Ἀθήνη 15.668; τὸν δε' Ζεὺς ὦσεν ὄπισθε χειρί ib.694, cf. 13.193; ὦσαί [τινα] ἀφ' ἵππων 5.19; ἀφ' ἵππων χαμᾶζε ib.835, etc.; so ὦσαι ἑωυτὸν ἐς τὸ πῦρ rush into the fire, Hdt.7.167; ὠ. τινα ἐπὶ κεφαλήν throw him headlong down, Pl.R.553b (Pass., ὠθέεσθαι ἐπὶ κ. Hdt.7.136); ὠ. τινα ἐπὶ τράχηλον Luc.DMort.27.1; πετρῶν ὦσαι κάτω E.Cyc. 448, cf. Pl.Phdr.229c; εἰς λιθοτομίας D.53.17: freq. of weapons, ὠ. ξίφος δἰ ἀμφοτέρων thrust it through both, Hdt.3.78; τεκούσης ἐς σφαγὰς ὦσαι ξίφος E.Or.291; διὰ μέσου αὐχένος ὠθεῖ σίδηρον Id.Ph. 1458; φάσγανον δἰ ἥπατος Id.Med.379; ξίφος πρὸς ἧπαρ Id.Hel.983; δαλοῦ κώπην ἔσω βλεφάρων Id.Cyc.485 (anap.), cf. 636; ἐκ μηροῦ δόρυ ὦσε θύραζε forced it out from the thigh, Il.5.694; τὸ ἱμάτιον ὦσαι εἰς τὸ στόμα stuff it into his mouth, Thphr.Char.2.4: τὴν θύραν ὠθεῖ forces the door, Ar.V.152, cf. Lys.1.24; πύλας E.Or.1562: sts. of other than human force, as of a stream, ὦσε δὲ νεκρούς Il.21.235, cf. 241; of the wind, Νότος μέγα κῡμα ποτὶ ..ῥίον ὠθεῖ Od.3.295; [ὁ ποταμὸς] ὠθεῖ κῦμα Metagen.6.3; ὠ. κολόκυμα Ar.Eq.692: metaph., ἀ δ' ἀτέρα τὰν ἀτέραν κύλιξ ὠθήτω Alc.41.

2. force back in battle, Il.8.336, 13.193, etc.; ἄνδρας προτὶ ἄστυ 16.45; v. infr. 11.

3. thrust out, banish, ὠ. ἅπαντας τὸν ἀσεβῆ S.OT1382; ἔξω δόμων τε καὶ πάτρας ὠθεῖν τινα A.Pr.665; ἀπ' οἴκων S.OT241; ἐκ δόμων E.Andr.344; ἔξω τινὰ φυγάδα Pl.R.560d; σπονδῶν ἄπο, ἀπὸ τῶν ἱερῶν, E.Ba.46, Aeschin. 2.86; ὠ. τινας ἀθάπτους S.Aj.1307:—
Pass., ὠθούμεθ' ἔξω Id.Fr.583.7.

4. metaph., ὠ. τὰ πρήγματα push matters on, hurry them, Hdt.3.81; ἐπιθυμία ὠθεῖ ἐπὶ τὰς ἀπολαύσεις Arist.VV1250a24.

5. abs., ὦσα παρέξ pushed off from land, Od.9.488; ὤθει βιαίως E.Tr. 356, cf. X.HG7.4.31; τὸ ὠθοῦν the motive power, Pl.Cra.401d.

II. Med., mostly in aor., thrust or push away from oneself, force back, esp. in battle, freq. in Il., ὄφρα τάχιστα ὤσαιτ' Ἀργείους 5.691; τείχεος ἂψ ὤσασθαι 12.420; ὤσασθαι προτὶ Ἴλιον, προτὶ ἄστυ, 8.295, 16.655; τὴν ἵππον ὤσαντο Hdt.9.25, cf. 3.72, 6.37; ὤσασθαί τινας κατὰ βραχύ Th.4.96; ὠσαμένων τὸ εὐώνυμον κέρας Id.6.70, etc.; once in Trag., E.IT326: of a horse, throw its rider, Thgn.260 (s.v.l.).

2. intrans., push, press forward, Th.4.11,35, Plu.Ages.32; ὠθεῖσθαι εἰς τὸ πρόσθεν X.HG7.1.31; πρὸς τὴν πληγὴν ὁμόσε ὠθεῖσθαι Pl.Euthd. 294d; εἰς χεῖρας ὠθεῖσθαι τοῖς ἐναντίοις Plu.Thes.5.

III. Pass., to be thrust, pushed, or forced, rush or fall violently, ἐπὶ κεφαλήν Hdt. (v. supr.1.1); πρὸς βίαν E.Hec.406; βιᾳ Id.Med.335, etc.; ἱδρῶτες ταχέως ὠθούμενοι Hp.Aph.7.85.

2. Med., crowd, throng, jostle, X.Cyr.3.3.64; ὠ. ὥσπερ ὕες Theoc.15.73, cf. Arist.HA572b25: impers. in Pass., ἐπὶ μέζον ὠθεῖται the crush gets worse, Herod.4.54.