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ὠθ-ισμός, ὁ, thrusting, pushing, ἀσπίδων of shield against shield, Th.4.96.

II. jostling, struggling, of combatants in a mêlée, Περσέων τε καὶ Λακεδαιμονίων ὠ. ἐγένετο πολλός Hdt.7.225; ἀπικέσθαι ἐς ὠ. to come to close quarters, Id.9.62; ὠ. ἀμφὶ τὰ θύρετρα X.An.5.2.17; ὁ περι' τὰς πύλας ὠ. καὶ πνιγμός Plb.4.58.9, cf. Anaxandr.33.7: metaph., ὠ. λόγων dispute, altercation, Hdt.8.78, 9.26.