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ψεῦδος, εος, τό, Ep. dat. pl. ψεύδεσσι, v. ψευδής 1.2: (ψεύδω):—
falsehood, lie, ψεύδεα ..ἐτύμοισιν ὁμοῖα Od.19.203, Hes.Th.27; ψεῦδός κεν φαῖμεν Il.2.81; ψεῦδος δ' οὐκ ἐρέει Od.3.20; εἴ τε ψεῦδος ὑπόσχεσις εἴ τε καὶ οὐκί whether the promise be a lie or no, Il.2.349; οὔτι ψεῦδος ἐμὰς ἄτας κατέλεξας 9.115; ψεύδεσσιν θέλγειν τινά 21.276, cf. 23.576, Od.14.387; οὐ ψεύδεϊ τέγξω λόγον Pi.O.4.19; ψ. ποικίλα, αἰόλον ψ., Id.O.1.29, N.8.25; ψ. γλυκύ a sweet deceit, Id.P.2.37; ψεῦδος οὐδὲν ῶ̔ν λέγω S.El.1220; οὐδὲν ἕρπει ψ. εἰς γῆρας χρόνου Id.Fr.62; εἴ τι ψεῦδος εἴρηκα Antipho 3.4.2; ψ. ἐπιφέρειν Aeschin.3.41: ψ. λέγειν distd. fr. ψεύδεσθαι, Stoic.2.42.

2. in Logic, false conclusion, fallacy, συλλογισμὸς τοῦ ψεύδους Arist.APr.61b3; συμβαίνει ψ. ib.37a36:—
in NT of what is opposed to religious truth, false doctrine, Ep.Rom.1.25; ποιῶν βδέλυγμα καὶ ψ., i.e. doing what is repugnant to the true faith, Apoc.21.27; of false anatomical doctrine, τὸ οἴεσθαι ..ψ. ἐστι Sor.1.17.

II. in Theoc. 12.24 ψεύδεα are spots, pimples on the nose; supposed to be characteristic of liars, cf. Sch. ad loc.; cf. ψυδράκιον.

2. white spots on the fingernails, Alex.Aphr.Pr.Anecd.2.58.

III. In Pl. ψεῦδος is freq. opp. ἀληθές, Grg.505e, R.382d, Euthd.272b, al.; so almost like an Adj. (cf. ψευδής init.), ὄνομα ψεῦδος καὶ ἀληθὲς λέγειν Cra.385c; παράδοξόν τε καὶ ψεῦδος ὄνομα Plt.281b: cf. E.Heracl.462 codd.