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ψευδής, ές (the neut. sg. ψευδές is not found in early writers, ψεῦδος being used instead, cf. ψεῦδος 111; it is found in later Gr., OGI669.54 (Egypt, i A.D.), Palaeph.6, al., Gal.18(2).782); gen. sg. ψευδοῦς Id.15.168; old Att. acc. pl. ψευδᾶς IG12.700: (ψεύδομαι):—
lying, false, untrue, of things, opp. ἀληθής, ψ. λόγοι Hes.Th.229; μῦθοι A.Pr.685, E.Hipp.1288 (anap.); τρέπεσθαι ἐπὶ ψευδέα ὁδόν to betake oneself to falsehood, Hdt.1.117; ψ. κατηγορία, αἰτίαι, false charges, Aeschin.2.183, Isoc. 15.138, Plb.5.41.3; λόγοι S.OT526; λόγος Pl.Sph.240e, Cra.385b: ψ. λόγοι are also fallacies, in Logic, Arist.Top.162b3 sqq.; ἥδε ἡ ψ. οὐσία this unreal Being (sc. the world of sense), Plot.5.8.9: irreg. Sup. ψευδίστατος, εἴδη Ael.VH14.37.

2. of persons, lying, false, and as Subst., liar, οὐ γὰρ ἐπὶ ψευδέσσι πατὴρ Ζεὺς ἔσσετ' ἀρωγός Il.4.235 (only here in Hom.; perh. ψεύδεσσι from ψεῦδος is the true accent; so Hermappias ap.Hdn.Gr.2.45 against Aristarch. and Ptol.Asc. ibid.); τοὺς θεοὺς ψευδεῖς τίθης S. Ph.992, cf. Ant.657; ψ. ἔφυς E.Or.1608; ψ. φανήσεσθαι to be detected in falsehood, Th.4.27, cf. Pl.Tht.148b; Κριτίαν ψευδῆ ἐπιδείξω Id.Chrm.158d: irreg. Sup. ψευδίστατος arrant liar, EM 110.29, cf. Eust.1441.25.

3. τὰ ψευδῆ falsehoods, lies, οὐ ψευδῆ λέγω A.Ag.625, cf. Antipho 1.10, etc.; οὐκ ἔσθ' ὅπως λέξαιμι τὰ ψευδῆ καλά A.Ag.620; τινὰς ψ. διαβάλλειν Ar.Eq.64; ψευδῶν συγκολλητής Id.Nu.446 (anap.).

4. ψευδέων ἀγορή, in Hp.Epid.3.1. ή, ιβ́, said to be a name of the monkey-market, perhaps as being villanous counterfeits of humanity.

II. Pass., beguiled, deceived, E.IA852.

III. Adv. ψευδῶς falsely, λέγειν Id.IT1309 codd.; προσποιήσασθαι Th.1.137; mistakenly, ψ. δοξάζειν Pl.Phlb. 40d; ψ. γενέσθαι τὸν φόβον groundlessly, Plb.5.110.7.