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ψήφ-ισμα, ατος, τό, Dor. ψάφιγμα [ψᾱ] Inscr.Cret.1. v 20 A17 (Arcades, ii B.C.); written [ψ] άπιγμα Supp.Epigr.4.171.53 (Tymnus, v/iv B.C.):—
proposal passed by a majority of votes: esp. measure passed by a popular assembly, decree, act, A. Supp.601 (pl.), Ar.Ach.536, al.: c. gen. suasoris, the decree proposed by him, τὸ Καννωνοῦ ψ. Id.Ec.1090, cf. And.1.27: but τὸ Μεγαρέων ψ. the decree concerning them, Th.1.140 (more freq. τὸ περὶ Μ. ψ. ib. 139, cf. X.HG2.1.32); also τὸ ψ. τὸ διὰ τὰς λαικαστρίας Ar.Ach. 536; ἐγένετο ψ. μὴ ἐξεῖναι ..X.HG2.2.15; ψ. γράφειν bring in a decree, Ar.Nu.1429; ψ. ἐπιψηφίζειν put it to the vote, Aeschin.2.84; ψ. νικᾶν carry it, Id.3.68; ψ. καθαιρεῖν rescind it, Th.1.140; ἐξαλεῖψαι, ἀφελέσθαι, And.1.76, 2.24: prop. concerned with special circumstances (οὐδὲν ἐνδέχεται ψ. εῖ̓ναι καθόλου Arist.Pol.1292a37); opp. νόμος (general law, statute), νόμους καὶ ψηφίσματα Pl.Tht.173d; ὅταν τὰ ψ. κύρια ῇ̓ ἀλλὰ μὴ ὁ νόμος Arist.Pol.1292a6; περὶ ἐνίων ἀδύνατον θέσθαι νόμον, ὥστε ψηφίσματος δεῖ Id.EN1137b29; ψηφισμάτων οὐδ' ὁτιοῦν διαφέρουσιν οἱ νόμοι, ἀλλὰ νεώτεροι οἱ νόμοι, καθ' οὓς τὰ ψ. δεῖ γράφεσθαι, τῶν ψ. αὐτῶν D.20.92.

II. generally, decree, law, θεῶν ψ. παλαιόν Emp.115, cf. Ar.V.378 (lyr.), Lexap.And.1.96, LXXEs.3.7, al.